His job was to fight and serve the lord. He was a noble.
A distinguished, truthful, honored, and great fighter who fought all over.
He was very modest and humble, which is shown in his clothing of a stained/smudged tunic, grubby clothes also showing that he's actively fighting
Chaucer respects and admires him, thinks he's the perfect knight, wants to be him
'He was a true, a perfect gentle-knight' 'modest as a maid' 'He wore a fustian tunic stained and dark/With smudges where his armor had left mark'
An apprentice and son of knight; noble
Had curly hair, was twenty years old,average height
had short clothes with big sleeves
athletic and musical-sings, plays flute
cultured, spent time in calvary, has a sword
fought some but not honorably-to get women, player
Chaucer is sarcastic toward him-makes fun of him for being a womanizer but also has mixed emotions-he admires him but doesn't think he lives up to his dad
'He loved so hotly that till dawn grew pale/He slept as little as a nightingale'
A servant; low/working-class
Wore a coat with a green hood, 'saucy' brace, had colorful feathered arrows and a large bow along with shield, sword, and a dagger
Face was brown; good outdoorman
Chaucer's attitude is rather nonchalant 'He was a proper forester I guess.' Also Chaucer realizes that he is more ornately dressed and geared than the knight and therefore is not humble
'And peacock-feathered arrows, bright and keen' 'His head was like a nut, his face was brown./He knew the whole of his woodcraft up and down.'
One of the head nuns who was supposed to follow standards of church
In appearance is nice simple and charitable, but in reality is a fake poser, who tried to be royal
cares for animals, but doesn't help the poor hungry people
not the typical nun, she didn't live in a nunnery, was more social
she wore a lot of jewelry, had trinkets
she had an elegant nose, small mouth, a really large forehead, but other than that is pretty
Chaucer thinks she's materialistic, and has fake kindness but really likes material items
"Her greatest oath was only 'By St. Loy!'" (patron saint of goldsmiths/courtiers) 'Pleasant and friendly in her ways, and straining/To counterfeit a courtly kind of grace
Lived in monastery, clergy
A manly hunter not focused on religion-materialistic-has a nice fur collar, garnished clothes, fine horse lives more lavishly-tries to act like noble (poser)
tan-not pale suggesting he goes out of monastery a lot
face/bald head shone, had bug-eyes, glittering, shifty; heavy-set
Chuacer makes fun of him, doesnt think he's a typical monk; thinks he lacks quality of a monk-ex. let go of old rules by which to follow for monks of St. Benet of St. Maur
"He liked a fat swan best, and roasted whole."
Beggar for Church/Lower-class
seems jolly,happy and caring-but really was a fake-insincere had no feelings-"begged for Church" but really took money for himself
not a good person-got money off of 'freeing people from there sins'
spends time at tavern not to beg/help poor but to talk to women-player, intimate
good singer played hurdy-gurdy-but again not for poor but to woo his women
wore a billowing cloak, eyes sparkled, white neck
Chaucer thinks he's fake and stingy and doesn't like him
"His neck was whiter than a lily-flower/But strong enough to butt a bruiser down"
Had beard, colorful clothes, and wore a beaver hat, buckled boots
arrogant-talked highly of himself and came off as good at dealing with money and a good merchant-BUT he was secretly in debt=failure and a poser
Chaucer this he is a poser and also insignificant (may stem from Chaucer's feeling of his father as insignificant as a merchat
"High on his horse he sat" "None knew he was in debt"
Like a graduate student at Oxford
wore plain overcoat, was skinny, had a thin horse too-humble
Not concerned about lavish clothes or material items
More concerned about studies than the church
not very social but loves learning
shows aspects of humanism-study of classics-Aristotle, cares so much about learning
Chaucer thinks he's a perfect/ideal image of medieval student and likes him for his humbleness and education
"Short to the point and lofty in his theme."
Sergeant at the Law
wore a colorful coat, silk belt-flashy, flamboyant, arrogant
doesn't have as much work as he puts off-hes a poser
but is good at his job
Chaucer thinks he's intelligent but a poser
"Nowhere there was so busy a man as he;/But was less busy than he seemed to be"
Upper-class but not nobility
Had white beard, wore dagger/purse of silk hung at waist
cheerful, lived for happiness/pleasure, hospitable
very wealthy-has lots of stuff/food-but shared this with others
does his civic duties-rep. of Parl./Justice/Sheriff-was role model-but also liked to party
shows materialism, civic humanism, some secularism
Chaucer might be him He thinks his hospitable with his wealth, desired happiness and doesn't have a negative attitude towards him
"White as a daisy-petal was his beard"
Very intelligent; into magic, astronomy, perfect physician
But greedy-he cheated people and made money off of his prescriptions by prescribing things people didn't actually need
An example of secularism, he wasn't into the Church
Wore red clothes with a stripe of blue-gray lined with silk
Chaucer thinks he's a good doctor but bad/unjust and money-loving
Wife of Bath
Her face was bold, red, and pretty; had gap-teeth-innuendo
Wore a wide hat, had a large skirt to cover her large hips
Also wore scarlet red pantyhose; soft and new shoes; wore a scarf covering her head, neck, and chin
Had been married five times meaning she probably killed them (couldn't divorce)
Made cloth well; hard of hearing; had a bitter side
Worldly-traveled a lot-went to many famous pilgrimage sites like Jerusalem and Rome
Chaucer doesn't approve of her promiscuity but is understanding (she had been abused earlier in her life-deaf in one ear)
Good man, humble, reliable, hardworking, devout, poor, caring, giving, fair, educated-everything he's supposed to be
A good priest-not corrupt, practiced what he preached-doesn't go along with the established church
Carried a stave
Chaucer absolutely loves this guy because he is actually a good and wholesome priest; He's not corrupt like everyone else in the Church. Uses him to show ideal church man
big, strong guy, stout; had a red beard, big nose with a wart which had a tuft of hair; played the bagpipes badly
Wore sword and buckler (shield), blue hood, white coat
was arrogant, boastful
cheap-he overcharged grain-so good he could tell how much it was worth in his thumb
Chaucer hates this guy and mocks him for his arrogance and makes him out to be ugly and annoying.
What were the people of Church supposed to do?
1) Vow of poverty-stay poor
2) Vow of chastity-stay pure, be wholesome, help poor
3) Stay in monastery-be humble, ect.
a cutting, often ironic remark often intended to wound
ridicules or gently criticizes a person, idea, or institution to bring about a change
an insinuation; an indirect implication about someone
c. 1343-1400 (end of Midd. Ages NOT Renaissance)
born into the merchant class (ie. Middle and education-choose to write in Middle English so Middle class could read it)
was a Royal Page-moved up in society>married "Lady in Writing" (social mobility)
was a soldier, judge, diplomat-has seen all aspects of society
One of the first people buried in the Poet's Corner of West Minister Abbey
a person or work of literature that can be read on two different levels: literal and symbolic/metaphorical
1) literally a guy, privy thief
2) figuratively Black Death or Human Greed
Figuratively 1) Fortune (fate) 2) Grim Reaper
Thomas á Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury 1118-1170
powerful religious figure in England and the world
had power struggle with Henry II-they both wanted power-> Henry II excommunicated Becket from the Church; his knights go to kill him
Follower of Becket, witnessed the brutal misdoing of Becket by knights of Henry II