parallel to midline
perpendicular to midline
diagonal to midline
decreases a joint angle
increases a joint angle
moves a bone away from the midline
moves a bone closer to the midline
raises or elevates a body part
lowers or depresses a body part
turns palms anteriorly
turns palm posteriorly
decreases the size of an opening
makes a body part rigid
rotates a bone around its longitudinal axis
toward the front of the body
posterior or dorsal/dorsi
toward the back of the body
superficial (near the surface)
sternum and clavicle
Between the ribs
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