Civil Rights and Liberties

23 terms by TRW93

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Civil Rights

full citizenship and equality under the law

White Primary

southern states allowed only whites to vote

grandfather clause

could vote if ancestors had in 1867

poll tax

money paid in order to vote

literacy tests

required voters to read and explain a section of the constitution

familiarity

behavior that implies a close friendship (with a white woman for african americans)

de facto

segragation existing not legally required

de jure

segregation by law

busing

racial balance by transporting students to schools across neighborhood boundaries

civil disobedience

nonviolent refusal to obey unjust laws

subpoena

a command to appear at a specified time and place to testify

suffrage

right to vote

feminism

political, economic, and social equality for women

gender discrimination

practice, policy, or procedure that denies equal treatment because of gender

sexual harassment

unwanted conduct or abuse of sexual nature that creates stress

affirmative action

programs make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities

reverse discrimination

affirmative action program dicriminates against those with no minority status

mandatory retirement

forced retirement when a person reaches a certain age

civil law

law dealing with private rights of individuals or noncriminal matters

criminal law

the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment (government prosecutor)

majority

the age at which a person is considered competent to manage their own affairs

necessaries

whatever is reasonably necessary for suitable subsistence as measured by age, state, condition in life, and the like.

common law

a law established by following earlier judicial decisions

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