Chapter 9: The Confederation and the Constitution

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Abigail Adams

John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women. A member of the Daughters of Liberty.

Daniel Shays

Led Shays's Rebellion, an uprising of farmers in Massachusetts that shut down the courts so that farmers would not lose their farms for tax debts. (1786)

Alexander Hamilton

First Secretary of the Treasury. Wanted creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt. (1789-1795)

James Madison

4th President of the United States and father to the Constitution.

Primogeniture

Inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son.

Federation

A political union of individual states.

Checks and Balance

Each branch of government can check and limit each other.

Sovereignty

Government free from external control.

"Mobocracy"

Government is rules by mob.

Consent of the Governed

Governmental power is from the people.

Republicanism

A form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws.

States' Rights

Belief that the power of the federal government is limited when regarding the powers of the state.

Popular Sovereignty

Rule by the people.

Confederation

An alliance of independent states.

Anarchy

Society with no government.

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