← Goal 2B Study Guide Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All What are aspects of Pericle's Plan? Increasing paid government positions, using money to improve the navy, beautifying the city of Athens, increasing involvement of commoners in Government. What man was sent to Athens to bring warning after the Battle of Marathon? Pheidippides. What two sides fought the Trojan War? Mycenaeans and Trojans. Where were the Minoans located? The Island of Crete. How man years did the Dorian Age leave no written work? 400 years. Who was the great epic poet of Greece? Homer (wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey) How did Greece's geography effect the country? Caused them to become great sailors and have a strong navy. In what ways did Athens use the Delian League to gain influence? Used money to build up navy, moved its headquarters to Athens, intimidated the lesser nations, absorbed other city-states into provinces. Who was the first non-Greek to conquer Greece? Philip II (father of Alexander the Great) Who was the hero of the Trojans in the epic poem, "The Illiad"? Achilles Name three great Greek philosophers. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Democracy A government ruled by the citizens/people Aristocracy A government ruled by a small group of wealthy landowners Oligarchy A government ruled by a small group of citizens Monarchy A government ruled by a king or queen Tyranny A government ruled by a single person who gained the support of the common people Phalanx Type of military formation in which soldiers would hold a spear in one hand and a shield in the other Aristotle Student of the Academy, open rival school, the Lyceum Plato Famous student of Socrates, founded the "Academy" Epics Narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds Features of Sparta Valued military skill, highly specialized army, oligarchy, women were trained to protect the home Features of Athens Valued arts & politics, deomcracy, strong navy, women did household choirs What groups were early inhabitants of Rome? Latins, Etruscans (North), Greeks (South) From where was the first king of Rome? Etruscan What was the order of Roman social classes? Patricians (wealthy elite), Plebeians (commoners), Slaves Describe the Roman government. Two Consuls that acted as kings (served 1 year terms), Senate (made up of Patricians), Assembly (also known as Tribune, made up of Plebeians) What did the Twelve Tables establish throughout Rome? The idea that all free citizens had a right to protection under the law. What were the reforms of Julius Ceasar? Expanded the size of the senate (appointed his friends), Created jobs for the poor by building temples and statues, Increased the pay of soldiers, created new colonies for people to have land What factors weakened the Roman economy? Inflation, invading german hoards, lack of new resources What is Diocletion most known for? Dividing the Roman Empire into an East and a West. Civil War A conflict between groups within the same country The Huns Group of barbarians from Asia that attacked the Roman Empire Mercenaries Hired soldiers from foreign lands that increased size of Roman army Pax Romana Period of peace and prosperity known as "the Roman peace" Octavian Augustus Ruler of Rome after the death of Julius Caesar, took title of Emperor Where did Constantine move the Roman capital to? To Byzantium (also known as Constantinople) Attila the Hun was leader of who? the Huns What did the Romans value? strength, power and grace What happened to Rome after the death of Julius Caesar? It became and Empire, not a Republic What three men made up the triumvirate? Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey Tiberius and Gaius were murdered because they were trying to pass laws for the? Lower class According to legend, who founded Rome? Romulus and Remus Republic A form of government in which power rests with the citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.