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James Oglethorpe

founded Georgia in 1732 for religious freedom; protection against Florida; safe debtors

Berkley and Carteret

founded New Jersey in 1664 from profit for selling land

eight English nobles

founded North and South Carolina in 1663 to make profit from trade and selling land

Thomas Hooker

founded Connecticut in 1636 for profit from fur trade farming, also for religious and political freedom

Lord Baltimore

"George Calvert" catholic who made many unsuccessful attempts to start a colony for Roman Catholicism, died in 1632. Son ("Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore") succeed in 1632

James, Duke of York

sent to seize the Dutch Colony. Succeeded in 1664 and had New York named after him for his achievement

Mason and Gorges

founded New Hampshire in 1622 to get profit from trade and family

Puritans

a group of Anglicans in England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways

Swedes

conquered New Jersey, but were later conquered by the Dutch

Roger Williams

banished from Massachusetts and founded Rhode Island in 1636 for religious freedom

William Penn

Quaker that founded Pennsylvania in 1681 from profit from selling land and religious freedom

Captain John Smith

English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia
"He who shall not work shall not eat"

Pocahontas

Powhatan woman who befriended the English at Jamestown and saved Captain John Smith's life

Powhaten

most powerful indian chief near Jamestown; Pocahontas' father

John Rolfe

married Pocahontas and started the planting of tobacco in Jamestown

Squanto

Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag

Metacomet

Cheif of the Wampanoags
"King Philip"

John Winthrop

first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630

Anne Hutchinson

American colonist who was banished from Boston for her religious views; founded Portsmouth, Rhode Island

Peter Minuit

Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 in trade goods

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