Art History Packet 4 Vocab

17 terms by Prasi1

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Stupa

a large, mound shapped Buddhist shrine

Circumambulation

in Buddhist worship, walking around the stupa in a clockwise direction

Yakshis

goddesses associated with fertility and vegetation. Yakshas are made

Bi

in ancient China, jade disks carved as ritual objects for burial with the dead

Calligraphy

Greek meaning beautiful writing, especially elegant writing as a decorative art

Pagoda

chinese tower, usually associated with a Buddhist temple, having a multiplicity of winged eaves, thought the be derived from the Indian stupa

Terracotta

hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material, may be glazed or painted

Ukiyo-e

"pictures of the floating world," a moment in time

Pre-Columbian

the cultures that flourished in the Western Hemisphere before the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the beginning the European contact and conquest

Scarification

decorative markings made with scars on the human body

Iwan

in Islaminc architecture, a vaulted rectangular recess opeining onta a courtyard

Koran

Islam's scared book

Mihrab

a semicircular niche set into the qibla wall of a mosque

Minaret

the tower from which the faithful are called to worship in Islamic architecture

Mosque

the Islamic building for collective worship

Muslim

a believer in Islam

Qibla

the direction (toward Mecca) where Muslims face when praying

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