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content/plot

sequence of events that make up the core of the story

significance of title

how does the title relate to the story

setting

environment and time period

point of view

who is telling the story

first person narrator

using the pronoun I

third person omniscient

all knowing of all characters

third person limited omniscient

specific to one or two characters

dramatic or objective narrator

no one is telling the story

diction

word choice

formal

elevated/old english

middle

everyday language

informal

regional (slang)

tone

emotion or feeling

characterization

conclusion you make about a character

round

multidimensional/ grows

flat

never grows/ one dimensional

dramatic conflict

two opposing forces meet

foreshadowing

predicting the outcome

epiphany

sudden realization

allusion

reference to a literary or historical event

analogy

comparison between two unlikely things to make a point

symbolism

something representing something

irony

unexpected outcome

theme

underlying message

simile

comparison using like or as

metaphor

something is something else

personification

giving something unhuman, human characteristics

alliteration

repetition of consonance sound

hyperbole

deliberate exaggeration

understatement

deliberately underplaying

onomatopoeia

words that sound like their meaning

paradox/oxymoron

an apparent contradiction that makes sense

genre

catagory or type of literature

prose

writing from left to the right

satire

attack on human vices

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