culturally shared ideas about the world they live in
anthropologist and linguist of Native Americans. Talked about importance of analyzing vocabulary in order to learn about physical and social environment of people.
Student of Sapir. His hypothesis is that language determines the way we think
Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
Classifier (Yucatec nouns)
The way we sort things into categories by words.
An aggregate of words, all sharing a core meaning, related to a specific domain. Ex. body parts, colors, resturaunts
Refers to systems of classification that people construct to organize knowledge of their universe.
universal color terms
black, white, red, blue, green, yellow, brown, purple, pink, and gray.
An idealized conceptualization of an object, quality, or activity
its central sense within the whole range of meanings it has. A best or most typical example
Ex. English (at, near, away, from, toward)
Ex. Australia (north, south, east, west)