Investigating God's World, ch. 2

98 terms by upperclassman

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vertebrates

animals w/ a backbone

habitat

kind of place an animal prefers to live

social animals

live in small or large groups w/ others of the same kind

warmblooded

animals designed to maintain a relatively constant body temp.

fur

mammals' warm covering, thicker & often forms 2 layers or coats

wool

very thick, curly hair found on domestic sheep

spines or quills

prickly hair used for protection

brisltes

tough, short hairs found on the almost hairless domestic pig & here & there on the heads of whales

whiskers

long facial hairs used for the sense of touch

keeps mammals warm & hides them from enemies

2 reasons for hair

horns, claws, nails, or hoofs

special structures in the skin that're produced in the same manner as hair & are often used for protection & defense

hard plates

come from the skin & cover the animal's body, providing a very efficient means of protection

milk

one of God's most marvelous provisions for young mammals

mammary glands

female mammals have been provided w/ special glands which produce milk only as long as the young are nursing & need the milk

marsupials

give birth to live offspring which spend very little time inside the mother's pouch, finish developing in a special pouch

rodents

the largest group of mammals, the gnawing mammals

mice

the smallest rodents

capybaras

the largest rodents

herbivores

all rodents plant eaters

incisors

front teeth

domestic animals

animals that have been tamed & raised for man's use

rabbit

an animal which's mistaken for a rodent, have 2 small incisors just behind their upper incisors

bubonic plague

in the 1300s to 1600s, over 60 million ppl throughout Europe died from a disease

nocturnal

active only at night

giant anteater, aardvark, & pangolin

animals w/ a keen sense of smell & long, sticky tongues to catch & eat ants

insetivores

inset-eating animals w/ tiny, sharp teeth to aid them in eating the insects which make up their diet

mole

animal spends most all of its time underground

hedgehogs

spine-covered creatures

bats

the only mammals that fly, "home in" on flying insects by emitting high-pitched sounds & then using their large ears to detect the echoes which bounce from the insects

echidnas

an egg-laying mammal w/ short spines

platypus & echidna

the world's only egg-laying mammals

distinctive bill

one of the platypus's most useful pieces of equipment

carnivores

flesh eaters

incisors

front teeth used for snipping & biting

canines

fangs, called cuspids in man used for stabbing & tearing

premolars

bicuspids used for crushing

molars

used for crushing & grinding

canines

dogs, domestic or wild

intelligence

the ability to learn a behavior pattern

instinct

an inherited behavior pattern, one w/ which the animal is born

guard hairs

stiffer hairs that protect the undercoat & give the coat shape & texture

packs

wolves travel & live in ? ranging in size from 8 to 20 members, usually all members of one family led by a dominant male

territory

wolve pack hunts & lives together in a specific area

clan

coyotes live in a small family group, which usually consists of a male, female, & pups plus a single young coyote, or nanny

scavengers

coyotes, animals which eat other animals which have already died

red foxes

prized for their fur & hunted for sports bc they're very cunning in avoiding being captured

arctic fox

cat-sized, valued for its fur, which is white in the winter when snow covers the land; its fur turns grey in the summer

felines

cats

eyeshine

in order to help cats hunt better & see better in the dark, God put inside the back of their eyes a special mirror like structure which reflects light & produces the glow

whiskers

sensitive organs that help them determine whether they can pass through narrow openings to sneak up on their prey

rough tongue

used for grooming & licking meat from the bone

padded feet

used for walking quietly

retractile front claws

they cna be pulled back into a protective space when not in use to prevent them from wearing out

stalk

sneak up on

cat

the only domestic animal that isn't a social animal

tiger

the longest cat

lion

king of the beasts

prides

lions live in family groups

mane

the lion is the only cat w/ a ? & a tuft of fur at the end of its tail

jaguar

the larges cat in the Americas

leopard

very stong, spotted cat of Africa & Asia

black panthers

black leopards

cougar

also called puma, panther, & mountain lion; known as "ghost of the wilderness"

cheetah

the fastest land animal on earth

lynx & bobcat

the most common North American wild cats

weasels

fur changes colors w/ the seasons

musk

the distinct odor of the skunk

pelts

skins

primates

animals noted for their highly developed nervous systems & brains, 5 fingers, hands designed for grasping things, nails instead of claws

apes

primates w/o tails

silverbacks

older male gorillas w/ gray hair on their backs

have tails

how monkeys dif from apes

spider monkey

one of the largest of the New World monkeys, has a tail which is as sensitive as a person's fingertips

capuchin

New World monkey trained to help ppl whose arms & legs are paralyzed

rhesus monkey

many valuable medical discoveries have been made by using ? as research animals

Rh factor

a component in the monkeys' blood which is also in human blood named after the rhesus monkey

hoof

tip of each horse's toe bone is protected

frog

a horse has a padded cushion on the bottom of its foot

foal

a newborn horse

mare

mother horse

stallion

father horse

selective breeding

practice of choosing an animal's parents so that the baby'll have the desired characteristics

uterus or womb

the mother carries the tiny developing horse in a specially prepared place in her abdomen until its ready to born

colt

male horse

filly

female horse

mule

cross between a male donkey & a female horse

ruminants

most cloven-hoofed animals which chew the cud

cud

food formed into balls

bovids

they've been some of hte most important animals for man's use

about 1/2

amount of meat comes from cattle

bighorn

one of the more than 30 kinds of mountain-dwelling sheep

moose

the largest deer

horns

found primarily on sheep & cattle; made of core of hollow bone covered by horn, not shed each other

antlers

solid bone; members of the deer family are the only animals w/ these; fall off

Grenfell of Labrador

reindeer experiment

balance of nature

God's care in nature as an amazing design

extinct

animal species no longer exists

endangered species

animal's in danger of becoming extinct & often protected by laws designed to prevent the animal's destruction

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