the name of a person, place, thing, or idea
any noun that is not proper
the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea; always capitalized. all nouns are either common or proper
any noun that can be experienced with one of the five senses.
a thought, feeling, concept, or idea
a singular noun that stands for more than one. ex. team, class, mob
a word that takes the place of a noun
I, me, mine, you, your, yours, etc. divided into first, second, and third person, singular and plural.
myself, yourself, ourselves, etc
this, that, these and those (must be used without a noun)
who, whom, which, and THAT. introduces an ADJECTIVE CLAUSE.
who, whom, which, and WHAT. introduces a QUESTION.
do not have a specific antecedent (a noun to which the pronoun refers) few, someone, anyone, anything, one
a word that describes a noun or pronoun
shows action or expresses a state of being
basic linking verbs
is, be, am, are, was, were
is, be, am, are, was, were, been, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, can, might, must, shall, will, should, would, could
an ACTION verb that transfers its action to a DIRECT OBJECT
any verb WITHOUT a direct object
a noun or pronoun that comes AFTER the verb, and BEFORE the direct object and tell to whom or for whom the action is being done.
modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Often ends in -LY.
answers one of four questions: when, where, how often, to what extent
a word that shows the position of its object (a noun or pronoun) to the rest of the sentence.
a word that connects thoughts, phrases, and sentences.
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
not only... but also, either... or, neither... nor, whether... or
include the following: because, after, although, as, as far as, before, if, in order that, since, so that, unless, until, when, and while
a word that shows excitement or surprise and has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence. It would be set off with an exclamation point (!) or a comma (,).
predicate adjective (complement)
a noun or pronoun in the predicate that describes the subject. THIS ALWAYS FOLLOWS A LINKING VERB.
predicate nominative (complement)
an adjective in the predicate that describes the subject. THIS ALWAYS FOLLOWS A LINKING VERB.
the verb and everything after it.
the complete verb only.
the noun(s) or pronoun(s) the sentence is about and all its modifiers.
only the noun(s) or pronoun(s) that the sentence is about.