Integumentary System

74 terms by alstogner0813 

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Chapter 4

Adipose

fatty tissue

Corium

dermis

Cutaneous

adjective referring to the skin

Cuticle

thick band of tissue that seals the nail plate to the skin

Dermatologist

a specialist who diagnoses and treats skin diseases

Dermatology

study of the integumentary system

dermis

inner layer of skin

epidermis

outer layer of the skin

follicle

small sac in the skin from which a hair grows

keratin

protein that forms hair, nails, and the tough outer layer of skin

lunula

white, crescent-shaped area of a nail

melanin

dark pigment present in skin and other parts of the body

melanocyte

cell that produces melanin

sebaceous

oil-producing gland

subcutaneous

beneath the skin

sudoriferous

sweat-producing glands

abscess

localized collection of pus in any body part, frequently associated with swelling and inflammation

acne

inflammatory papular and pustular eruption of the skin

albinism

partial or total absence of pigment of the skin, hair, eyes

alopecia

partial or complete loss of hair; blindness

comedo

blackhead; dilated hair follicle filled with bacteria; primary lesion in acne

cyanosis

abnormal condition signaled by bluish discoloration of tissue

cyst

closed sac or pouch in or under the skin that contains fluid or solid material

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin

diaphoresis

synonym for perspiration

ecchymosis

a purple patch more than 3 mm in diameter caused by blood under the skin; see also petechiae

eczema

inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythema, vesicles, and crusting with scales

epidermitis

inflammation of the epidermis

erythema

abnormal redness of the skin

excoriation

scratch mark; linear break in the skin surface

hemangioma

benign tumor of blood vessels; birthmark

hyperhidrosis

profuse sweating; increased or excessive perspiration; may be caused by heat, menopause, or infection

ichthyosis

abnormally dry skin; scaly; resembling fish skin

impetigo

inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture and become crusted

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

lesion

wound, injury or pathological change in body tissue

macule

flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin; birthmark or freckle

melanoma

tumor of the melanocytes; skin cancer characterized by dark pigmented, irregular-shaped lesion

nevus

mole; pigmented skin blemish that is usually benign but may become cancerous

nodule

a small node or circumscribed swelling

onychomalacia

softening of the nails

onychopathy

any disease of the nails

papule

small, circumscribed solid elevation of the skin

paronychia

infection around a nail

petechia

tiny hemorrhagic spots on the skin less than 3 mm in diameter

polyp

a mass of tissue that bulges outward from the skin's surface on a stem or stalk of mucous membrane

pruritus

itching

psoriasis

chronic skin disease characterized by itchy, red, silvery-scaled patches

pustule

small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus

scabies

contagious infection caused by a mite

scleroderma

chronic disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin

shingles

viral infection producing the eruption of highlyainful vesicles that may follow a nerve path

tinea

any fungal infection of the skin

ulcer

an open sore or lesion of the skin; a lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue

urticaria

hives

verruca

wart

vesicle

small, fluid-filled, raised lesion; a blister

vitiligo

localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches

analgesic

agent that relieves pain

antibiotic

agent that kills bacteria

antifungal

agent that kills fungus

anti-inflammatory

agent to reduce inflammation

antipruritic

agent that reduces itching

antipyretic

agent that reduces fever

antiseptic

agent that inhibits the growth of infectious agents

antiviral

agent that destroys viruses

debridement

removal of necrotic or dead tissue from a wound or burn

dermatoplasty

plastic surgery repair performed on the skin

incision and drainage

cutting open of a wound or lesion, such as an abscess, and letting out or draining the contents, such as pus

onychectomy

surgical removal of a nail

onychotomy

incision into a nail

scabicide

agent lethal to mites

transdermal

a method of administering medication through the unbroken skin via patch or ointment

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