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AHS APUSH

Thomas Paine

Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.

Common Sense

A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776 to convince the colonists that it was time to become independent.

George Washington

Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.

Battle of Saratoga

Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.

Lord Cornwallis

British general whose campaigns in the south led to his defeat at Yorktown

Yorktown, Virginia

Last battle in the American Revolution

Second Continental Congress

They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence

Bunker Hill

a battle that took place on the strategic point of Breed's Hill. British victory on account of the depletion of American supplies. yet gave them confidence- It pushed Americans towards a final decision for war.

Olive Branch Petition

On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.

Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms

drafted by Thomas Jefferson it denounced the acts of Parliament since 1763 and declared the colonists decision to defend their traditional English liberties with military means

Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition

response by King George III to the news of the Battle of Bunker Hill. It declared the colonies to be in open rebellion and ordered the British Empire to resist the rebellion. Ultimately it served as the King's response to the Olive Branch petition

Prohibitory Act

passed by Parliament, forbade trade with colonies

Declaration of Independence

the document approved by representatives of the American colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the British monarch and declared their independence.

Treaty of Paris

Under this agreement, the British recognized the United States as an independent nation, the borders of the new nation extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River, and the southern border stopped at Florida, which was returned to Spain. The west of the Mississippi River also went to Spain.

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