A highly pictorial of writing most often associated with ancient Egypt. Also used by other ancient peoples such as the Mayans.
Large stones, widely used in Europe from around 4000 to 1500 B.C.E. to create monuments, including sophisticated astronomical observatories -an outstanding feature of late Neolithic Europe.
Refers to people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue. Includes: Greek, Latin, Persian, Sanskirt, and the Germanic Slavic languages.
Hittites and iron
Hitties were the first Indo-European People to make use of iron, enabling them to construct weapons, that were stronger and cheaper to make because of the widespread availability of iron ore.
A simplified version of the Cuneiform, using 22 different signs to represent the sounds of their speech.
Hebrews and Israelites
The Hebrews where also known as the Israelites. They were monotheistic, which means they believed in one God.
David and Solomon
David conquered the Philistines and he centralized Israel's organization and accelerated the integration of the Israelites into a settled community based on farming and urban life- Salomon, David's Son, expanded the political and military establishments and was especially active in extending the trading activities of the Israelites.
kingdoms of Judah and Israel
Judah- consisted of two tribes and its capital was Jerusalem
Israel- consisted of ten tribes and its capital was Samaria
Babylon Captured Judah, but it did not last. Durring this time many upper-class where deported to Babylonia.
The Creator of the world and everything in it, and the only God of Israel
The Israelites believed that prophets where sent by God to serve as his voice to his people.
Assyria and King Ashurnasirpal
Located on the Tigris River, The strongest Assyrian Rulers during his reign the Assyrian Empire was greatly overextended.
Persia and Cyrus the Great
Indo-European speaking people who lived in Southwestern Iran, Cyrus made a powerful Persian state the rearranged the political map of western Asia.
Cambyses and Darius
Cambyses who was the son of Cyrus undertook, a successful invasion of Egypt. Darius added a new Persian Province in western India.
satraps, the Royal Road and the Immortals
Satraps- Provinces-The Persian empire was divided into 20 satraps.
Royal Road- Went from Sardis to Susa (well maintained and facilitated the rapid transit of military and government personnel.
Immortals- The core calvary force of the Perisan Army made up of ten thousand and an elite infantry force of ten thousand Medes and Persians (never allowed to fall below the 10 thousand number, if one was killed he was immediately replaced.
He experinced revalations that caused him to be revered as a prophet of the "true religion"
Zoroaster's teachings where written down as the Zend Avesta, the sacred book of Zoroastrianism.
Ahuramazda and Ahriman
Ahuramazda-Was the only god to Zoroasterand the religion he preached was the perfect one-means "Wise Lord", he possed all qualities that all humans should aspire to (good thought, right, and piety) the good spirit
Ahriman- The evil spirit who opposed Ahuramazda