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Radiographic positions

relationship of patient to x-ray table/image receptor. Lists specific body area in contact with device

Radiographic projections

relationship of patient to x-ray tube. Lists specific body areas in path of x-ray beam in order of closest to furthest from beam. Described as if body is in anatomical position

supine position

reclining with back down

prone position

reclining with front down

recumbent

reclining in any position

oblique

upright or recumbent, but rotated

RT LAT

right lateral

LT LAT

left lateral

OBL

oblique

RPO

right posterior oblique

LPO

left posterior oblique

RAO

right anterior oblique

LAO

left anterior oblique

AP (projection)

anterior to posterior

PA (projection)

posterior to anterior

Axial (projection)

AP or PA, but with radiation angled along axis of part

CXR

chest x-ray

KUB

image of kidneys, ureters, and bladder

HSG

hysterosalpingogram

VCUG

voiding cystourethragram

ABD

abdomen

BE

barium enema

ACBE

air contrast barium enema

UGI

upper gastro intestinal exam

SBS

small bowel series

IVU

intravenous urogram

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

CR (1)

central ray

CR (2)

computed radiography

IR

image receptor

SID

source to image distance

OID

object to image distance

SOD

source to object distance

FS

focal spot

DR

direct radiography

DDR

direct digital radiography

kVp

kilovoltage peak

mAs

milli-ampere seconds

STAT

immediately

LMP

last menstrual period

OP

out patient

IP

in patient

ER/ED

emergency room/emergency department

ortho

orthopedic clinic/patient

R/O

rule out

C/O

complains of

H/O

history of

HX

history

Pm

as needed

NPO

nothing by mouth

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart disease

CHF

congestive heart failure

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

FUO

fever of undetermined/unknown origin

HH

hiatal hernia

MI

myocardial infarction

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

SOA/SOB

shortness of air/breath

TB

tuberculosis

TIA

transient ischemic attack

URI

upper respiratory infection

UTI

urinary tract infection

internal

towards the midline

external

away from the midline

ipsilateral

same side

contralateral

opposite side

abduction

to take away

adduction

to bring closer

flexion

to reduce the angle between the parts

extension

to place the parts at 180 degrees to each other

Dorsiflexion

to draw the foot up

plantar flexion

to point the foot down

eversion

angle the foot with the big toe side down

inversion

angle the foot with the big toe side up

medial rotation

to turn towards the mid-line

lateral rotation

to turn away from the mid-line

supination

turn the hand palm up

pronation

turn the hand palm down

protraction

to protrude forward

retraction

to pull back

elevation

to lift

depression

to press down

BID

twice daily

Dx

diagnosis

Tx

treatment

Rx

treatment or prescription

Sx

symptoms

UA

urinalysis

CBC

complete blood count

NG

nasogastric

OTC

over the counter

PE

physical examination

QID

four times daily

TID

three times daily

TKO

to keep open (refers to IV line)

I/O

intake and output

IV

intravenous

IM

intramuscular

ab-

away from

a-, an-

without

ante-

front

anti-

against

co-

together

contra-

against

decub-

side

dys-

difficult

ect-

outside

hemi-

half

hydro-

water

hyper-

above or greater

hypo-

below or lesser

infero-

below

megal-

large

poly-

many

post-

back, after

pre-

before

retro-

backward

super-

above

tri-

three

vent-

front

angio

vessel

cephal

brain

cerebro

head

chiro

hand

enter

intestine

hepat

liver

hyster

uterus

lith

stone

chole

bile

cysto

bladder

encephal

brain

nephr

kidney

phren

diaphragm

pyel

pelvis

viscer

organ

-algia

pain

-centesis

puncture

-dia

through

-ectomy

incision

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