AP World History Unit 1 Test

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Romans

The Seleucids were finally defeated in 83 B.C.E. by the

victory of Cyrus over Lydia

The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian Empire was the

Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanids

Which of the following lists of the Persian empires is correct chronologically?

as a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyed

Zarathustra viewed the material world

Angra Mainyu

Zarathustra talked about the battle between the "wise lord" Ahurda Mazda and the evil spirit

Parthian

Which Iranian state followed the Achaemenids and rivaled the Seleucids in greatness?

Arab warriors

The Sasanids were deafeted in 651 B.C.E. by

Darius

The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was

Persian administrative units

Satrapies were

Persepolis

The magnificent capital of the Persian Empire constructed by Darius was

Croesus

The leader of the Lydians who fell to Cyrus was

the view of the material world as a place of temptation that had to be ignored

Which of the following basic tenets of Zoroastrianism did not influence later religions?

Seleucid Empire

The empire, comprising most of the old Achaemenid state, that was taken by a general of Alexander the Great was the

Darius

The Persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized laws was

Mithradates I

The greatest Parthian ruler was

Mesopotamians

In organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the

Cyrus

The founder of the Achaemenid Empire was

a Persian loss

The battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be

allowed to spread through its own merits

Zoroastrianism was

Xerxes

The king who failed to follow the normal Persian governing policy of toleration was

Zarathustra's compositions

The Gathas were

the Royal Road

The center of the Persian communications networks was

went further than the Persian emperors in their efforts to foster cultural unity

The Qin and Han dynasties

Qin Shihuangdi

The Chinese emperor who was notorious for his hatred of Confucianism and for his burning of books was

the gap between the rich and the poor grew dangerously large

As the Han dynasty became more powerful and wealthy

Wang Mang

carried out reforms so revolutionary that he is known as the "socialist emperor"

clear and strict laws

Shang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects by

Daoism

The philosophy that criticized social activism and, instead, proposed a life of reflection and introspection

human nature is essentially good

At the heart of Mencius's philosophy was the belief that

Sima Qian

the first great Chinese historian

arose from the proper ordering of human relationships

Confucius believed that political and social harmony

junzi

Confucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs

xiao

the Chinese concept of filial piety, which was central to the family structure

became core texts of traditional Chinese education

Through the efforts of Confucius, the literary works of the Zhou period

wuwei

disengagement from the affairs of the world

Daodejing

The most important text of Daoism

Legalism

What was the school of philosophical thought that returned order to China after the Period of Warring States?

support of traditional learning

Which one of the following was not one of Qin Shihuangdi's policies?

a continuation of Qin policies of centralization

The Han philosophy of rule was

establishing an imperial university

In 124 B.C.E. Han Wudi transformed China by

established the principle of collective responsibility

In an effort to bring about effective government control, the Legalists

dao

Chinese philosophers often spoke of the following term, which means "the way"

li-passion

Which of the following Confucian terms and its translations is NOT correct?

Alexander of Macedon

In 327 BCE India was thrown into political chaos by the invasion of

Magadha

The kingdom that played a leading role in Indian unification, after the withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon, was

Brahmins

Ancient Indian religion revolved around ritual sacrifices offered by whom?

the fact that they did not recognize social hierarchies based on caste

The greatest contribution of the Jains was

ahisma

The Jains adhered to the principle of nonviolence to other living things or souls, which is expressed in the word

Bhagavad Gita

The Indian work that deals with a dialogue between the warrior, Arjuna, and his charioteer, Krishna, is the

reflected the increasingly materialistic character of Indian society

The beliefs of the Charvakas

that the gods were figments of the imagination

The Charvaka sect believed

Persians

The Indians political scene changed dramatically in 520 BCE when new administrative techniques were introduced after the invasion of the

Kalinga

The Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, fought his bloodiest battle against

returned to a series of regional kingdoms

After the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, India

Chandra Gupta

The year 320 CE saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by

understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds

The success and timing of trade, through the Indian Ocean basin, largely depended on

the rise of guilds, which essentially served as jati

One of the biggest transformation of the caste system during this period was

Hinayana Buddhism

Theravada Buddhism is also known as

the common practice of child marriage

One of the most pronounced examples of patriarchal dominance in ancient India was

White Huns

The eventual collapse of the Gupta states was partially caused by an invasion by the

debase the currency

One of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler's decision to

Kanishka

The Kushans in India reached their peak under

Ashoka

The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of

Chandragupta Maurya

The first ruler to unify India was

a series of small kingdoms

During the time of the Aryans the Indian political landscape was characterized by

Megasthenes

Although only fragments remain, some of our best information about early Indian history comes from the book, Indika, written by

Buddhism

The boddhisatva is associated with what religion?

leading a balanced and moderate life

The Buddha believed that salvation came from

usually consisted of independent, autonomous city states

The political structure of the ancient Greeks

all Athenian citizens

Athenian democracy was open to

Sparta

In which polis did women have the most freedom?

Ptolemaic

The wealthiest of the Hellenistic empire was the _____________ empire

Plato

Later Christian scholastic philosophers referred to this man as "the master of those who know"

Epicureans

Which of the Hellenistic philosophers viewed pleasure as the greatest good?

philosopher kings

In "The Republic", Plato proposed that the true rulers of society should be

Sappho

the most influential female Greek poet

Seleucus

The largest part of Alexander's conquests, essentially the former Achaemenid empire, was taken over by

Salamis

The decisive naval battle of the Persian War was fought at

Thera

Of the natural disasters that plagued the Minoans, the most devastating was the volcanic eruption in 1628 BCE on the island of

Minoans

The Mycenaeans received early, indirect influence from the Egyptians and Phoenicians through their contact with the

tyrant

Which of the following words was used the by Greeks to refer to generals or politicians who, although often popular, gained power by irregular means

Dionysus

Women were the chief devotees of the Greek god of wine, who was named

honor

Which of the following did Socrates believe was more important than wealth or fame?

Punjab

The easternmost point of Alexander's conquests was

Philip II

By 338 BCE, the Greeks had fallen to

centralized imperial state

Which of the following did NOT come about because of Greek colonization?

All of the above

Which of the following events occurred during the time if Pericles?

the Seleucid empire

Of all the Hellenistic empires, Greek influence was greatest in

Lucius Cornelius Sulla

The leader, supported by the Roman aristocrats, who led a slaughter of more than ten thousand of his political enemies

as a Roman citizen Paul had the right to appeal his case in Rome, which he did

Paul's case was transferred to Rome because

Persians

The Roman policy of toleration and respect for conquered peoples was most similar to the

Stoicism

The most prominent school of moral philosophy in Rome was

Jews

From 66 to 70 AD the Romans fought a bloody battle with the

Twelve Tables

The Romans had a long tradition of written law stretching back to 450 BCE and the creation of the

the right of a patrician to transfer out of a plebeian court

All of the following were the foundations of Roman law with the exception of

Actium

Octavian was able to restore order to the Roman world with his victory in 31 BCE at

favored liberal policies and social reform

In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar

enormous plantations worked by slaves

Latifundia were

Sicily

During the Punic Wars, the Romans first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grain in the western Mediterranean. Where was is?

dictator

During times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a

Etruscans

During its early history, Rome was dominated by the

consuls

In the early stages of the Roman Republic, the patricians elected two

Cleopatra

The last of the Ptolemaic rulers was

stimulated the development of the local economies and states

The Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain

the hearth

Vesta was the Roman goddess of

Mars

Zeus was to Jupiter as Ares was to

Islam

Which of the following religions was not popular during the Roman Empire?

a Jewish sect that looked for the appearance of a savior

The Essenes were

Scipio

Who was the Roman general during the Third Punic War?

Pyrinies and Alpas

What two mountain ranges did Hannibal cross on his way to invade Rome?

corvus

What naval invention helped the Romans take back their holdings in the Mediterranean in the First Punic War?

Numidia

What North African ally kingdom brought Rome into the Third Punic War?

eternal enemy of Rome

What did Hannibal promise to both Rome and Carthage as a young man?

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