Pictures taken by cameras in airplanes and satellites.
A social structure that relies on the cultivation of land.
The parallel of latitude which lies 1,600 miles north of the South Pole 66° S
The parallel of latidute which lies 1,600 miles south of the North Pole 66°N
The pressure caused by the weight of the atmosphere.
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites
A map which shows true compass directions; longitude lines are straight and latitude lines are circles; distorts shape and size more toward the outer edges.
Arab Nomadic herders who used camels to cross the desert; Raids for grazing land frequent warfare
A land form that resembles a mesa but smaller
of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
The art of making maps
An official count or survey of a population typically recording various details of individuals
Pictorial illustrations of numerical data.
Certain patterns of weather which occur over long period of time in a particular region
The theory and practice of the ownership of land and the means of production by the people of the state
Large bodies of land surrounded or nearly surrounded by water
Climates characterized by extremes in temperature and precipitation; divided into humid continental and subpolar climates.
Precipitation common in the tropics, resulting when hot, humid air rises and cools, loosing its ability to hold as much moisture.
A set of numbers which identifies a given point on earth often given in degrees longitude and latitude
A way of life
Dead Sea Scrolls
(Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s
A triangular-shaped deposit found at the mouth of a river where it fans out into smaller streams before reaching the ocean
the removal of salt (especially from sea water)
A dry climate characterized by an annual precipitation average of 10 inches or less and great variations between daytime and nighttime temperatures.
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
A research technique in which a researcher observes and records behavior or an event as it occurs.
A map symbol, such as an arrow indicating north, which shows direction
spreading widely or driving off
Dome of the Rock
Muslim shrine containing the rock from which Mohammad is believed to have risen to heaven; Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock
The landforms and bodies of water east of the Prime Meridian
Official religion of Russia; rejects the Pope, but is otherwise the same as Roman Catholicism.
Height above sea level
The parallel of latitude that circles the earth halfway between North and South pole 0° latidute
A map which shows correct distances over a small section of the earth.
An arid sandy desert, particularly in the Sahara. Sand seas, also called "ergs" after the Arabic name for dune fields, are regional accumulations of windblown sand that contain numerous, very large dunes of compound or complex form.
Educated guesses based on observations.
The wide mouth of a river where the ocean meets the river current
The process whereby plants absorb water through their roots and transpire this moisture through their leaves into the atmosphere.
language spoken in iran
An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
An economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control
Precipitation which results when two air masses of different temperatures meet and the warm air is forced over the cooler air.
The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere and of human activity
A scale-model of the earth
A branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole
Pictorial illustrations of numerical data that represents the variation of a variable in comparison with that of one or more other variables.
A body of water connected to an ocean or sea but partly surrounded by land
great, decorative Byzantine church in Constantinople
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
A tropical storm or a cyclone in the Atlantic.
A natural process which moves moisture from the oceans to the land and back to the oceans
A social theory favoring freedom of action for individuals over collective or state control
industrial technological information based society
A social structure built around industry provided computer generated communication and information
An imaginary line zig-zagging through the Pacific Ocean the roughly corresponds toe the 180° meridian; used to designate time
An area of land completely surrounded by water
A narrow strip of land that connects to larger bodies of land
Ethnic group in Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Iran
A body of water surrounded by land
Method of human communication, either spoken or written
A map symbol which explains what the symbols, lines, and colors represent.
lines of longitude (meridians)
Imaginary lines that run north and south around the globe and come together at the poles
A flat representation of the earth or a portion of the earth; distorts distance, shape or size
A systematic presentation of the globe onto a flat map using a grid of lines of latitude and longitude
The giant hill where the Zealots hid and fought off the Romans for three years
Mecca and Medina
Mecca is the holy city of Islam and Meddina is the second holiest city of Islam.
A moderate climate characterized by one rainy season in the fall and early winter and another rainy season in the spring; found mainly in the areas around the Mediterranean Sea.
A map which accurately shows directions and shapes but distorts distance and size
A small high plateau or flat tableland with steep sides
fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
An equal-area map which shows the correct size of landmasses in relation to other landmasses but distorts shape
Landform rising at least 2,000 feet above sea level; characterized by sloping sides that rise to a peak or summit
a military force of Muslim guerilla warriors engaged in a jihad
mountains, deserts and oceans (Physical obstacles created by nature)
people who wander from place to place
Resources which exist in limited quantities and cannot be replaced.
The landforms and bodies of water north of the Equator
A fertile place found in an otherwise barren land, formed where an underground water surfaces or comes near the surface
a fertile tract in a desert (where the water table approaches the surface)
a body of water moving in a definite direction, esp. through a surrounding body of water in which there is less movement
The four larges bodies of water on earth
Precipitation caused by winds blowing warm, moist air toward coastal mountains; results when warm air rises over the mountains and cools enough to form clouds that release rain and snow.
Parallels of latitude
Imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe and measure distances north and south of the Equator
A piece of land extending from a larger landmass and nearly surrounded by water
of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture
A flat generally level expanse of land
A highland plain, or elevated area of generally level land, sometimes containing deep canyons
Palestineian Liberation Organization -a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
Climates which are always cold; divided into polar icecap and tundra climates.
Winds found in the temperate zones that blow away from the tropics; once used by sailors to reach Europe from the Americas.
The line of longitude designated 0° used as a reference point for measuring longitude, runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich England
A tropical climate characterized by frequent heavy rains which produce dense jungle growth.
The beliefs of a culture about God and man
Resources which are unlimited or can be replenished.
An artificial lake created by a dammed river
A large stream, formed by converging tributaries, which empties into a lake, ocean, or some other body of water
A map in which the lines of latitude and longitude almost intersect a right angles except near the edges; shows areas and distances with a high degree of accuracy
A tropical climate characterized by two seasons - wet and dry.
A map symbol used to determine distance.
A body of water connected to an ocean or sea but partly enclosed by land
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
A stable arrangement of institutions and traditions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together
A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
The landforms and bodies of water south of the Equator
Numerical facts and figures compiled from data.
a large area of flat unforested grassland in southeastern Europe or Siberia.
A natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth
wives of the Sultan
An area characterized by wide ranges of temperatures and seasons; extends from the Tropic of Cancer to the Arctic Circle and from the Tropic of Capricorn to the Antarctic Circle.
A map symbol which indicates what the map portrays.
The shape and elevation of the land
An area which is generally warm year around; extends from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn.
A system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
Winds found in the torrid zone that blow toward the Equator; once used by sailors to sail from Europe to the Americas.
A region consisting of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
A stream which feeds and enlarges a larger body of water
Tropic of Cancer
The parallel of latitude which lies 1,600 miles north of the Equator 23° N
Tropic of Capricorn
The parallel of latitude which lies 1,600 miles south of the Equator 23° S
A climate characterized by high temperatures and heavy precipitation; divided into rain forests and savanna climates.
A lowland between mountains of hills
Jewish holy site in Jerusalem that is the only remaining portion of Solomon's temple
A decent of water that plunges from a cliff or hill
Changes in the lower part of the earth's atmosphere in a localized area during a short period of time
The landforms and bodies of water west of the Prime Meridian
The transfer of hot air from the tropics to the poles and cold air from the polar regions to the tropics.
The feeling or expression of reverence and adoration for a deity
The beautiful tents used by the nomads