founder of psychology and functionalism; studied the purpose of mental processes in allowing people to adapt to their environment. scientific study.
Greek. Pondered how the mind works
French philosopher. Mind and body fundamentally different.
Mind and body are the same
Surgeon, mind associated with the brain. Broca's area.
Herman von Helmholtz
Measured the speed of nerve impulses.
Structuralism, the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind. Founded first psych school.
Natural Selection. Evolutionist
G. Stanley Hall
Children develop as they pass through stages that repeat evolutionary history of humanity. Founded school in US.
psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts.
psychoanalytic theory, bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
pioneers of humanistic psychology, an approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings
founder of behaviorism, an approach that advocates the study of observable behavior. study of what people do. little albert
Behaviorist with emphasis on learning. Operant or instrumental conditioning
Cognitive psychologist. Child development in mental stages.
Linguist and pioneer of cognitive psychology. Devastating critique of Skinner's book. Language acquisition device.
Sir Fredric Bartlett and Kurt Lewin
Linguistic relativity hypothesis. The language we speak shapes our perception of the world.
Law of effect