process whereby the ("parent") strands of DNA in the double helix are separated and each one is copied to produce a new ("daughter") strand.
series of events that cells go through as they grow & divide
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic info that is passed through generation
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus divides
division of cytoplasm during cell division
process which a single parent reproduces by itself
type of asexual reproduction; organism replicates its DNA and divides in half making two daughter cells
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA
decoding of a RNA message into a polypeptide chain
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell.
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes d\during protein synthesis
type of RNA that makes up the major pat of ribosomes
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
mutation that affects a single nucleotide, usually by substitution of one for another
frame shift mutation
mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide.