who discovered the americas?
who was the americas discovered for?
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
who sent christopher columbus on his journey?
Where are the people that sent columbus on his journey from?
india for spices
where was columbus supposed to go on his journey and what was he going there for?
the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria
what were the 3 boats named that columbus took on his journey?
when did columbus discover The New World?
St. Augustine in 1565
what was the 1st permanant European settlement and when was it established?
Jamestown, Virginia in 1607
what was the 1st permanent English settlement and when was it established?
What kind of ideas are england going to bring to the new world?
What was copied by the US that is now the Congress?
gov. that is limited in its power
who did the magna carta apply to?
when was magna carta applied?
where was magna carta applied?
who signed magna carta?
he was forced to
why did king john sign magna carta?
what is magna carta written in?
must establish a council of advisors; king can't raise taxes without permission of council; nobles have protection from losing their life, liberty, or property except if they were convicted of a crime/establish due process
what are the 3 main parts of magna carta?
what was the part of magna carta that said how a council of advisors must be established later called?
protection from losing their life, liberty, or property except if they were convicted of a crime
in magna carta, what were nobles provided with and what was the exception to this rule?
the idea that the gov. must follow certain constitutionally established rules before it can imprison you, kill you, etc.
what was the due process?
the 5th amendment
what part of the US constitution was made from the due process?
nobles and king john
who was part of the magna carta?
how many king john's were there?
they made different kings sign a new copy
what did nobles do becuase the original copies of magna carta were destroyed?
how many parts are in magna carta?
The Great Charter
what is another name for magna carta?
King Charles 1
Who was forced to sign the Petition of Right?
When was King Charles 1 forced to sign the Petition of Right?
The Petition of Right
In 1628, what was King Charles I forced to sign?
king can't raise taxes without permission, king can't imprison you without a good reason, king can't put troops in your home without your permission, and king can't declare martial law unless the country is at war
what are the four parts of the petition of right?
What other document are the first two parts of The Petition of Right in?
gov. can't put troops in your home without your permission
What is amendment 3?
Parliament removed King Charles II and replaced him with his daughter Mary and her husband William
What happened in 1688 with King Charles II?
when parliament removed King Charles II and replaced him with his daughter Mary and her husband William
What is the Glorious Revolution?
When was the Glorious Revolution?
his daughter Mary and her husband William
Who replaced King Charles II in the Glorious Revolution?
King Charles II
Who was replaced in the Glorious Revolution?
sign The English Bill of Rights
What did Mary and William agree to do exchange for the throne during the Glorious Revolution?
king can't raise taxes without permission of Parliament, monarchs do not rule because of divine right to do so, monarch can't interfere in Parliament's elections, people have the right to a fair and speedy trial, no cruel or unusual punishments allowed and no excessive fines or bail, people have the right to bear arms, people have the right to petition the gov.
What are the seven parts of the English Bill of Rights?
Magna Carta and Petition of Right
What two other documents are the first part of the English Bill of Rights in?
people have the right to a fair and speedy trial
What is the sixth amendment?
there are no biased people on the jury
what is a fair trial?
you come to trial quickly
what is a speedy trial?
a monetary punishment
what is a fine?
the money you pay to stay at home until your trial is over
what is a bail?
you get the money back
what happens after the end of the trial, even if you are guilty?
true or false. Bail money is not given back to people at the end of the trial is they are found guilty?
no cruel or unusual punishments allowed and no excessive fines or bail
what is the eighth amendment?
people have the right to bear arms
what is the second amendment?
people have the right to petition the gov.
what is the first amendment?
a limited gov.
What type of gov. does the Magna Carta, The Petition of Right, and The English Bill of Rights show?
representative gov. and limited gov.
What are the two very important ideas we get from England?
what was england's form of a representative democracy?
house of lords and house of commons
what are the two parts of parliament?
The Virginia House of Burgesses
What was created in 1619 in Jamestown?
What was Jamestown later named?
How many men are in The Virginia House of Burgesses?
What is a burgess?
The Virginia House of Burgesses
what was the 1st legislative group in the colonies?
When was The Virginia House of Burgesses created?
Where was The Virginia House of Burgesses created?
they did not have a charter like Jamestown, so they created their own gov.
What did the Mayflower not have in 1620 and what did they do because of this?
When did the Mayflower create their own gov?
Where did the Mayflower create their own gov?
What kind of democracy did the Mayflower have?
Who made up the Mayflower?
What was the document called that stated the laws of the Mayflower gov?
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
What are the northern colonies?
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
What are the New England colonies?
New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland
What are the Mid-Atlantic colonies?
North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia
What are the Southern colonies?
How many colonies are there?
What group of colonies do North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia fall into?
What group of colonies do New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland fall into?
Northern colonies or New England colonies
What group of colonies do Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire fall into?
Jamestown and Plymouth
What two places had success that led to the development of other colonies?
When were the 13 colonies established?
true or false. there were similarities in the colonies.
governors-appointed by the king
Who ran the colonies and who were they appointed by?
True or False. All of the colonies did not have lawmaking bodies like the Virginia House of Burgesses.
without much help or interference from England
How did the colonies function?
What did the colonies get used to?
representative from massachusetts to the congress. He is a strong proponent of independence. He is unpopular with many of the memberse of congress
a member of the pennsylvania delegation. He is in favor of independence but other members of his delegation are not. He brings his own distinct and interesting sense of humor to the proceedings. he is highly respected by those attending the congress
a representative from virginia. He is a reluctant writer of the declaration of independence. He would rather be home with his young bride than writing the document. the declaration is written by this man with revisions by adams, franklin and then the entire congress
richard henry lee
a representative from virginia who proposes independence at the urging of franklin and adams
president of the second continental congress and a representative from massachusetts. he will be the first to sign the declaration of independence
an ailing member of the deleware delegation. his vote will prove to be a crucial one
judge james wilson
a puppet of another pennsylvania representative named john dickenson. He does what mr. dickenson tells him to do
representative from pennsylvania, strongly opposed to independence
representative from south carolina. He is opposed to independence and is opposed to the abolition of slavery
How much did England interfere with the colonies between 1607 and the mid-1700s?
it took 2 months each way to travel from england to america. the colonial legislatures were better equipped to deal with any issues that came up.
Why was there not much interference of england with the colonies?
Who were the british subjects?
be loyal to the monarchy and the british gov.
what should colonists do as british subjects?
when the colonies existed to economically benefit England
what is mercantilism?
source of raw materials for england, provided a market for english goods
What are 2 examples of mercantilism?
the french and indian war and king george III's crowning
what two events changed the relationship between england and the colonies?
the 7 years war
what is the french and indian war also known as?
the french and indians against the british
who was the french and indian war fought between?
over lands in western pennsylvania and ohio
where was the french and indian war fought?
french wanted to expland land to the south
why did the french and indian war occur?
french and then canada
who used to own quebec and montreal and who owns them now?
who won the french and indian war?
they no longer needed english protection against the french
what happened to the colonists after the french and indian war?
england is left with a huge war debt. england begins taxing the colonies to help offset the war debt
what were the 2 consequences of the french and indian war?
when was king george III crowned?
return control of governing the colonies to england
what was king george III determined to do?
to raise money from the colonists
what did king george III initiate a series of laws for?
the stamp act and the sugar act
what were 2 ways to get money from the colonies?
a tax on sugar
what was the sugar act?
a tax on legal documents and newspapers
what was the stamp act?
britain's revenue increased
What was the result of the many tax laws placed on the colonists?
the money a gov. collects from taxes or other sources
what is revenue?
they hated it
how did the colonists feel about british taxes and interference in colonial life?
no taxation without representation
what did the colonists say when britain taxed them and interfered in their lives?
where did the colonists want representation?
what english document from 1215 first claimed that the gov. could not raise taxes without permission?
boycott british goods
what did the colonists decide to do after england taxed them and interfered in their lives?
they refused to buy products from britain
how did the colonists boycott british goods?
it worked and the stamp act was repealed as well as other taxes
what was the result of the boycott of british goods?
they passed the declaratory act, the townshend acts, and the tea act
what did england do after the colonists boycotted their goods?
parliament had the right to tax the colonies and make decisions for the colonies
what was the declaratory act?
more taxes on basic items, especially goods that the colonists could not make themselves
what was the townshend acts?
tax on tea that made british tea cheaper than colonial tea that was taxed. gave english merchants an advantage
what was the tea act?
the boston tea party
what was the colonists result to england passing the tea act, declaratory act, and the townshend acts?
when was the boston tea party?
colonists protested taxes by dumping 342 chests of tea into boston harbor
what was the boston tea party?
how many chests of tea did the colonists dump into the boston harbor during the boston tea party?
the boston harbor
where did the colonists dump chests of tea into during the boston tea party?
they were mad. they passed the intolerable acts
what was england's response to the boston tea party?
what was another name for the intolerable acts?
to make someone act a certain way under threat
what does coercive mean?
the boston harbor
where did the colonists food come from?
boston harbor would be closed until the colonists paid for the lost tea shipment, colonial gov. would be suspended in boston, british soldiers could be housed in colonists homes not only in massachusetts but all the colonies, and town meetings would require royal permission
what are the 4 parts of the intolerable acts?
the committees of correspondence
what groups began to meet after the intolerable acts were passed?
to keep one another informed about events between the colonies and england
what was the purpose of the committees of correspondence?
they set up a meeting called the first continental congress
what did the americans do to fight the intolerable acts?
where was did the first continental congress meet?
they would be arrested
why did the first continental congress not meet in boston?
when did the first continental congress meet?
every colony except georgia
which colonies sent representatives to the first continental congress?
to decide what to do about the situation with england
what was the first continental congress's purpose?
send a letter to king george III stating how unhappy they were, boycott english products, and meet again the follwing year if things did not improve
what are the 3 things that the first continental congress decide to do about the situation with england?
war-the shot heard 'round the world
what was the king's response to the letter sent to him by the first continental congress?
april 19th, 1775
when was the shot heard 'round the world
lexington and concord, massachusetts
where was the shot heard 'round the world?
the shot heard 'round the world
what was the first battle of the revolutionary war?
the british were looking for american ammunition that might be used against them in the future
what was the reason for the shot heard 'round the world?
british troops and minutemen (americans)
who fired upon each other for the first time during the shot heard 'round the world?
may, 1775-just three weeks after lexington and concord-meet in philidelphia
when was the second continental congress?
all of the colonies
which colonies sent representatives to the second continental congress?
john hancock of massachusetts
who was elected the president of the second continental congress?
the powers of a central gov. for the colonies during the war
what did the second continental congress assume?
appoints george washington to head the revolutionary forces, issues money to pay for the war, purchases war suplies, negotiates treaties with other governments, and tries to get support for the war
what did the second continental congress do?
he was a leader of french and indian war
why did the second continental congress appoint george washington to head the revolutionary forces?
thomas paine publishes Common Sense, a widely read pamphlet that urges independence
what was written in january of 1776 that supported independence? who wrote it?
it was common sense to stop following a royal brute (bully)
what did the pamphlet Common Sense state?
january of 1776
when was the pamphlet Common Sense published?
a resolution stating that the colonies are free
what did virginian richard henry lee propose in june 1776?
thomas jefferson, john adams and benjamin franklin
who was appointed to write a document that would explain why we want to be free?
who was the princpal writer of the document that would explain why we want to be free?
he was a young man in his 30's-lawyer
how old was thomas jefferson when he wrote the declaration of independence? what was his occupation?
john locke, an english philosopher who wrote Second Treatise of Government in 1690
where did thomas jefferon's ideas for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness come from?
the gov. could be overthrown if it was not doing it's job/believed people were entitled to 3 natural rights-life, liberty, and property
what did locke believe?
john adams, john hancock, and ben franklin
who was in favor of independence?
which colonies were less in favor of independence?
all states must agree
in order to approve the declaratioin of independence, what must happen?
delete a reference to freeing slaves
what did jefferson do in order for the vote to be unanimous?
states basic human rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness), 27 complaints to king geroge III, and a declaration to the world saying that we are free
what are the 3 parts of the declaration of independence?
july 4, 1776
when was the declaration of independence approved by the 2nd continental congress?
parchment paper by the official printer of the congress and copies distributed to the king and in the colonies
what would the declaration of independence be printed on? who would copies be distributed to?
25 copies remain-called broadside versions
how many copies remain of the declaration of independence and what are they called?