How does the larynx connect to the pharynx?
It is below the pharynx
How does the larynx connect to the trachea?
It is above the larynx
What does the larynx protect from foreign particles?
The lower passage
What happens when air is held in the lungs?
It temporarily increases strength
The framework is all pretty consistent between people T or F?
What else can the larynx be called?
What cartilaginous structures that make up the skeleton of the larynx?
Epiglottis, Thyroid cartilage, arytenoids, cricoid cartilage
What else can the Quadrilateral plates that make up the thyroid cartilage also be called?
What is the thyroid notch?
The place where the left and right laminae don't completely connect.
What else can the thyroid prominence be called?
What does the thyroid prominence do?
protects the anterior and lateral larynx
What ligament connects from the hyoid bone to the superior cornu?
lateral hyothyroid ligament
Where does the superior cornu point?
To the hyoid bone
What else can the superior cornu be called?
What else can the inferior cornu be called?
Where do the inferior cornu sit?
On the cricoid cartilage
Which cervical vertebrae sit behind the cricoid cartilage?
What is the Cricoid cartilage shaped like?
a signet ring
The low and narrow part in the front of the cricoid cartilage is called?
The wide and thick part in the back of the cricoid cartilage is called the?
The bottom of the cricoid cartilage connects to...
What are on the posterior lateral surfaces of the cricoid cartilages?
What do the facets of the cricoid cartilage receive?
The inferior horns of the thyroid cartilage
What is the name of the ligament that seals the front of the space in between the cricoid cartilage and the thyroid cartilage?
What 2 parts are the arytenoids made of?
the base and apex
Where on the cricoid cartilages do the arytenoids sit?
Where does the vocal ligament attach to?
vocal processes and medial fibers of vocal muscles
What 2 things do the muscular processes hold?
lateral portion of the vocal folds and the lateral and posterior cricoarytenoid muscles
How does the ventricular ligaments sit as compared to the vocal ligaments?
Superior and lateral
Where does the ventricular ligaments attach?
inner surface of thyroid cartilages
How do the vocal processes run?
How do the muscular processes run?
What are the corniculate cartilages?
small horn shaped superior extensions of the arytenoids
What do the corniculate cartilages support?
What are the cuneiform cartilages?
small, rod shaped cartilages
Where are the cuneiform cartilages embedded?
Where are the cuneiform cartilages as compared to the corniculate cartilages?
Anterior to corniculate
What is a possible function for the cuneiform cartilages?
support the aryepiglottic folds
The cuneiform cartilages are found in everyone T or F
What is the shape of the epiglottic cartilages?
Is the epiglottic cartilage large or small?
What is the stem of the epiglottic cartilage called?
Where does the stem of the epiglottic cartilage attach?
inner front surface of the thyroid cartilage just beneath the thyroid notch
How does the epiglottic cartilage tie to the hyoid bone?
What does the epiglottis do?
deflects food and liquids being swallowed, influences resonance
how does the epiglottis deflect food and liquid?
contracts the aryepiglottic folds and pulls itself down and back
the Hyoid bone is shaped like a
U or Upsilon
Where in relation to the cervical vertebrae is the Hyoid bone located?
The front section of the Hyoid bone is called...
the body (corpus)
How and from where do the greater horns of the hyoid bone project?
posteriorly and horizontally from the body
What do the ends of the greater horns of the Hyoid bone articulate with?
superior horns of the thyroid cartilage
What are the lesser horns of the Hyoid bone?
Where the greater horns join the body
how are the lesser horns of the Hyoid bone shaped?
how do the lesser horns of the Hyoid bone rise?
How many pairs of muscles do the Hyoid bone connect to?
what does the Hyoid bone relate to?
tongue, temporal bone, mandible, scapula, larynx, and sternum
Does the Hyoid bone connect to any other bone in the body? Yes or no
The Hyoid bone is very mobile. T or F
What does the hyoid bone form the base of?
What is the principal nonbiological function of the larynx?
What are the that attach to the hyoid bone and suspend it in position sometimes called?
hyoid sling muscles
The thyroid, cricoid, epiglottis, cuneiform, corniculate and arytenoids are composed of these two cartilages
hyaline and elastic
how many surfaces does an arytenoid have?
Where is the epiglottis located?
just behind the hyoid bone
What separates the epiglottis from the hyoid bone?
Does the epiglottis contribute much or little to the production of speech?
For ordinary or normal biological function, thorasic fixation is needed. T or F
Where are the inferior cornus directed?
down and slightly medially