1st President of the United States, , 1789-1797, , Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
During the summer of 1776, he led hundreds of British ships and 32,000 British soldiers to New York, and offered Congress the choice between surrender with royal pardon and a battle against the odds, and despite having far fewer troops, the Americans rejected the offer.
American general of Rhode Island, helped to turn the tide against Cornwallis and his British army, used geography of land
United States general and traitor in the American Revolution (in 1780 his plan to surrender West Point to the British was foiled (1741-1801)).
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792).
commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence (was defeated by American and French troops at Yorktown).
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809). [showed up on sheet twice].
Barry St. Leger
Led British Army, Tried to take Fort Stanwix but American Benedict Arnold drove him back.
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America
Richard Henry Lee
leader of the American Revolution who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies (1732-1794)
Burgoyne was forced to surrender his command to this American general on October 17,1777 at the battle of Saratoga.
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."
3rd President of the United States (chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it (1743-1826).
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
Admiral de Grasse
A French admiral. He had a powerful fleet in the West Indies that he offered to Washington to help in an attack on Cornwallis at Yorktown.
"give me liberty or give me death".
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown (1725-1807)
a soldier who is payed to fight for another country or group (don't have enough soldiers so they can just go pay for others but it can be bad cause they can be bought off and they are not as willing to fight and you have to pay for them
United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1745-1829)
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Privately owned armed ships specifically authorized by congress to prey on enemy shipping. There were over a thousand American privateers who responded to the call of patriotism and profit. The privateers brought in urgently needed gold, harassed the enemy, and raised American morale. (American Revolution, 1775-1783)
sound practical judgment ("I can't see the sense in doing it now"; "he hasn't got the sense God gave little green apples"; "fortunately she had the good sense to run away"), , a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.
(1777) , A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.
The last major battle in the revolutionary war where General Cornwallis was forced to surrender to General Washington on October 19,1781.
a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt)
Another name for Loyalists
Second Continental Congress
Convened in May 1775, the Congress opposed the drastic move toward complete independence from Britain. In an effort to reach a reconciliation, the Congress offered peace under the conditions that there be a cease-fire in Boston, that the Coercive Acts be repealed, and that negotiations begin immediately. King George III rejected the petition.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
The Whigs were originally colonists supporting independence. In the mid 1830s, the Whig Party opposed Jackson's strong-armed leadership style and policies. The Whigs promoted protective tariffs, federal funding for internal improvements, and other measures that strengthened the central government. Reaching its height of popularity in the 1830s, the Whigs disappeared from the national political scene by the 1850s.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
The British recognized the independence of the United States. It granted boundaries, which stretched from the Mississippi on the west, to the Great Lakes on the north, and to Spanish Florida on the south. The Yankees retained a share of Newfoundland. It greatly upset the Canadians.