Davi-Ellen Chabner- Ch 8

167 terms by sniderte

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

this set does include the Pathology, gynecologic/breast, pregnancy and neonatal topics from pages 274-288 in Ninth Edition Book

adnexa uteri

Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments

amnion

innermost memberanous sac surrounding the developing fetus

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

bartholin glands

small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body)

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

chorion

outermoust layer of the two memberanes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the oepning of the female urethra

coitus

sexual intercourse; copulation.

corpus Iuteum

Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus)

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus

embryo

Stage in prenatal development from 2-8 weeks

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes femal secondary sex characteristics

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus

fertilization

union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 8-39 or 40 weeks

fimbriae (singular: fimbria)

finger or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)

gamete

male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum

genitalia

Reproductive organs; also called genitals

gestation

period from fertilization of the ovum to birth

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis

gynecology

study of the femal reproductive organs including the breasts

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

hymen

mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

labia

lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips

lactiferous ducts

tubes that carry milk within the breast

luteinizing hormone (LH)

Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation

mammary papilla

Nipple of the breat. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection

mearche

Beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce

menopause

Gradual ending of menstruation

menstruation

monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of the blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses (latin for month)

myometrium

Muscle layer of the uterus

neonatology

Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn

obstetrics

Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

orifice

an opeining

ovarian follicle

developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime

ovary

one of a pair of femal organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones

ovulation

release of the ovum from the ovary

Ovum (plural: ova)

mature egg cell (female gamete). Ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes.

parturition

act of giving birth

perineum

in females, the area between the anus and the vagina

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries

placenta

vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.

pregnancy

condition in a femal of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus Luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women

puberty

point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced

uterine serosa

outermost layer surrounding the uterus

uterus

hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lowermost, neck-like portion is the cervix

vagina

Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body

vulva

External female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks

amni/o

amnion IE: amniotic fluid

cervic/o

cervix, neck

chori/o, chorion/o

chorionic

colp/o

vagina

culd/o

cul-de-sac IE: culdocentesis- a needle is placed through the posterior wall of the vagina and fluid is withdrawn for diagnostic purposes

episi/o

vulva

galact/o

milk

gynec/o

woman, female

hyster/o

uterus, womb

lact/o

milk

mamm/o

breast

mast/o

breast

men/o

menses, menstruation

metr/o, metri/o

uterus

my/o, myom/o

muscle, muscle tumor

nat/i

birth

obstetr/o

pregnancy and childbirth

oophor/o

ovary IE: oophorectomy- Oophor/o means to bear (phor/o) eggs (o/o). In a bilateral oophorectomy, both ovaries are removed

ovari/o

ovary

ovul/o

egg

perine/o

perineum

phor/o

to bear

salping/o

fallopian tubes

uter/o

uterus

vagin/o

vagina

vulv/o

vulva

-arche

beginning

-cyesis

pregancy

-gravida

pregnant

-parous

bearing, bringing forth

-rrhea

discharge

-salpinx

fallopian (uterine) tube

-tocia

labor, birth

-version

act of turning

dys-

painful

endo-

within

intra-

within

multi-

many

nulli-

not, no, none

pre-

before

primi-

first

retro-

backward

pap test

Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix

pregnancy test

blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG

hysterosalpingography (HSG)

x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injecting of contrast material

mammography

x-ray imaging of the breast

breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI

Technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue

pelvic ultrasonography

recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region

aspiration

withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction

cauterization

destruction of tissue by burning

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope

carcinoma of the cerivs

malignant cells within the cerivx (cervical cancer) which would involve a radical (complete) hysterectomy

cervitis

Inflammation of the cervix

carcinoma of the endometrium

Malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)

endometriosis

Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus

fibroids

benign tumors in the uterus

ovarian carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)

ovarian cyst

collection of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis

Dermoid cyst (of the ovary)

is a cystic teratoma that contains developmentally mature skin complete with hair follicles and sweat glands, sometimes clumps of long hair, and often pockets of sebum, blood, fat, bone, nails, teeth, eyes, cartilage, and thyroid tissue.

carcinoma of the breast

Malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)

her-2/neu

a second receptor protein, this is found in some breast cancers and signals a high risk of tumor recurrance

fibrocystic disease

Numberous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast

abruptio placentae

Premature separation of the implanted placenta

choriocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the placenta

eptopic pregnancy

Implantationof the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location

multiple gestation

more than one fetus inside the uterus

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus

preeclampsia

abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache

erythroblastosis disease

hemolytic disease in the newborn (HND) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus

hyaline membrane disease

acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain

meconium aspiration syndrome

abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn. if inhaled during birth, meconium can block air passages and cause the lungs to fail to expand- called meconium ileus

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum

conization

removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix

cryosurgery

use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue

culdocentesis

needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac

dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C)

Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus

exenteration

removal of internal organs within a cavity

laparoscopy

visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an edoscope (laparoscope)

tubal ligation

blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring

abortion (AB)

spontaneaous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embroy or fetus can exist on its own

amniocentesis

needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis

cesarean section

surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus

chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis

fetal monitoring

continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and meternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a lab dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization

pelvimetry

measurement of the dimentsions of the maternal pelvis

AB

abortion

BRCA1/BRCA2

breast cancer 1 & 2 - genetic mutations associated with increased risk for breast cancer

BSE

breast self-examination

CA 125

Protein marker elevated in ovarian cancer (normal rage of values is 0 to 35)

C-section

cesarean section

CIN

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set