The Ancient Greeks

14 terms by lford8

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peninsula

a body of land with water on three sides

colonies

a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland

polis

made up of a city and the surrounding countryside and run like a tiny independent country

agora

an open area that served as both a marketplace and meeting place

tyrant

someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority

oligarchy

a few people hold power

democracy

all citizens share in running the government

helots

captive workers in Sparta

satrapies

the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire

satrap

the official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius

Zoroastrianism

Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end

direct democracy

every citizen votes first hand on laws and policies

representative democracy

citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and government decisions on their behalf

philosophers

thinkers who ponder questions about life

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