World Cultures 10th grade Chapter One

28 terms by g_mouradian 

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geography

the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products.

Location

The position of anything on Earth's surface.

Latitude

distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees

Longitude

distance east or west of the prime meridian

exports

goods sent out to outside countries

imports

goods brought into country

interdependence

how much a country relys on other countries for goods resources and knowledge

map projections

taking a curved surface and drawing it on a flat map

topography

physical features of a place or region

vegetation

plant life of a place or region

mountains

high steep rugged land above land 2000 ft high

elevation

height above sea level

hills

areas of raised land

plains

large areas of gently rolling land fairly level

plateaus

large areas of high flat or gently rolling land

climate

average weather over a period of 20 to 30 yrs

culture

all the things that make up peoples entire way of life

nuclear family

wife husbuand and kids

extended family

several generations living together in one household

monotheism

belief in one god

polytheism

belief in many gods

democracy

people have supreme power

republic

the people choose someone to represent them

dictatorship

one person or group rules by force

technology

skills and tools people use

diffusion

movement of customs or ideas from one place to another

ethnocentrism

judge other people by the standards of their own culture

racism

one racial group naturally suprerior to another

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