literary terms (jargon-occassional poem)

15 terms by acfowler 

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specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group.

jargon

the location of one thing as being adjacent or juxtaposed with another.

juxtaposition

a perspective confined to a single character, whether a first person or a third person; the reader cannot know for sure what is going on in the minds of other characters.

limited point of view

a figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement.

litote

a sentence grammatically complete, and usually stating its main idea, before the end.

loose sentence

originally designated poems meant to be sung to the accompaniment of a lyre; now any short poem in which the speaker expresses intense personal emotion rather than describing a narrative or dramatic situation.

lyric

a misleading term for theme; the central idea or statement of a story, or an area of inquiry or explanation.

message

one thing pictured as if it were something else, suggesting a likeness on analogy between them. It is an implicit comparison or identification of one thing with another unlike itself without the use of a verbal signal such as like or as.

metaphor

the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. This is determined by the kind of "foot" and by the number of feet per line.

meter

a figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something.

metonymy

a feeling of ambiance resulting from the tone of a piece as well as the writer/narrator's attitude and point of view. This effect is fabricated through descriptions of feelings or objects that establish a sense of fear, patriotism, sanctity, hope, etc.

mood

a recurrent device, formula, or situation that often serves as a signal for the appearance of a character or event.

motif

a textual organization based on sequences of connected events, usually presented in a straightforward, chronological framework.

narrative structure

the "character" who "tells" the story, or in poetry, the persona.

narrator

a situation or statement characterized by significant difference between what is expected or understood and what actually happens or is keant. irony is often humorous and sometimes sarcastic when it uses words to inply the opposite of what they normally mean

irony

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