Literature fiction and nonfiction literary terms

48 terms by tabatha_ness

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Mr. Clancy HFRS

Fiction

writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. This form uses sentences and paragraphs.

Nonfiction

writing that tells about real people, places, objects, or events. This form includes sentences and paragraphs

Setting

the time and location of the events described in a literary work.

Narrator

the speaker or character who is telling the story.

Characters

refers to what someone is like - what their qualities are

protagonist

the main character in a literary work

antagonist

a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist.

Point of view

the perspective from which a story is told.

First person

the events are told by a character in the story.

Third person

the events are told by someone outside the story.

Plot

the sequence of events in a literary work. The plot is the writer's plan for what happens, when it happens, and to whom it happens. A plot is built around a central conflict - a problem or struggle involving two or more opposing forces. Plot complications are events or problems that arise and make it more difficult to resolve the conflict

Theme

a central message, idea, or concern that expressed in a literary work.

Symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else.

Conflict

a problem or struggle between two or more forces

Internal Conflict

a problem within a character (character vs. self).

External Conflict

a problem or struggle between a character and an
outside force:
character vs. character
character vs. group
character vs. nature

Exposition Plot

• Exposition provides background for the story. Characters are introduces, the setting is described, and the tone is set.

Rising Action Plot

The plot "thickens" as the central conflict begins to unfold. Complications are introduced and suspense builds.

Climax Plot

is the greatest interest or suspense in the story. At this point the main character has to deal with the conflict directly. It is often the turning point, when the action reaches a peak and the outcome of the conflict is decided. The climax may occur because of a decision the characters reach or because of a discovery or an event that changes the situation. The climax usually results in a change in the characters or a solution to the conflict.

Falling Action Plot

the effects here are a result of the climax.

Resolution Plot

the character or character's problems are solved. (note: neither the character nor the reader may necessarily like or agree with how
the problems are resolved!

Confirm

show to be correct; prove to be true or valid

Determine

find out what is true; reach a conclusion

Evidence

proof in support of a claim or statement

Fact

something that is true or that has happened

Investigate

look into learn the facts; examine thoroughly

Opinion

personal view or belief

Prove

establish the truth of

Study

research or investigation into a subject

Test

method or process for proving or disproving a claim

Timidly

in a way that shows fear or shyness

Trudged

walked as if tired or with effort

Grudgingly

in an unwilling or resentful way

Ignore

pay no attention to

Exhausted

very tired

Starvation

state of extreme hunger

Escorting

going with; as a companion

Charitable

kind and generous in giving help to those in need

Distracted

unable to concentrate

Murmured

made a low continuous sound

Fascinated

strongly attracted to something interesting or delightful

Recognize

know and remember

Devoured

ate hungrily or greedily

Trotted

ran in a graceful light way

Anxiously

in a worried or uneasy way

Classified

identified as part of a group; designated

Custody

protection or supervision

Bewildered

confused by something complicated

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