AP Human Geography Unit 1 Test

22 terms by JMajor95

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Human Geography

The relationship between place and life.

Babylonians

Drew oldest surviving maps on clay tablets.

Cartography

Science of map making.

Trade

People needed to know trade routes; therefore, the use of cartography emerged.

Greeks

Laid the foundations of cartography; established three primary continents: Asia, Europe, and Libya (Africa).

Anaximander

Greek cartographer credited with making the first map.

Hecataeus

Greek historian -- took Anaximander's map and wrote about countries and inhabitants of the unknown world.

Eratosthenes

Made an accurate computation of Earth's circumference; his calculation was 175km too long; he coined the term "geography".

Aristotle, Sacrates, Plato

Greek philosophers who believed the earth was round.

Aristotle

Noticed during an eclipse that Earth cast a circular shadow on the moon.

Ptolemy of Egypt

Cartography who published "Guide to Geography" -- rough maps of the landmasses as well as a grid system.

Phei Hsiu

Created first map of China.

Zheng He

Chinese explorer rumored to have reached the U.S .West Coast 72 years before Columbus.

China

Center of development; developed gunpowder, an advanced writing system, etc.; closed itself off to other countries.

Law of Retarding Lead

Civilizations that are more advanced eventually fall behind because they feel they have nothing to learn from other countries; later they need to catch up with others.

Muslim scholars

During Middle Ages, built upon Greek and Roman geographical knowledge.

Middle Ages (in Europe)

Europe closed itself off.

Renaissance

Age of Exploration.

Marco Polo

Explorer; fascinated others with his stories of other cultures (gems, textiles, spices, etc.) and inspired a new wave of explorers.

Gerardus Mercator

First world map that accurately identifies seven continents; universities in Europe start teaching geography as a formal discipline.

Environmental Determinism

Culture is direct product of environment; theory was rejected in 1930s for being prejudiced.

Possibilism

Possiblist approach; humans are not products of their environment but possess the skills necessary to modify their environment to fit their needs.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set