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1853

United states send naval force to make Japan open its ports to trade

Nagasaki

japans only window into the world, Dutch allowed very limited trade

Daimyo

financial hardship, money was needed, wealth in land rather than cash, heavy expense of maintaing households

opium war

britsh vicotory over china, forced them to sign unequal treaties

july 1853

american ships sailed into tokyo bay commanded by matthew perry

Commodore Mathew Perry

letter from presiden, demanding that japan open its ports to diplomatic and commercial exchange

Treaty of Kanagawa

1854, open 2 ports for america but not for trade

1854

treaty of Kanagawa

Meiji restoration

1868-1912, studied west

Meiji constitution

people are all equal before law, emperor power, legislature wad a diet, banking railroads and ports, zzaibatsu, ended legal distinctions

Zaibatsu

banking and power famlies, Kawasaki

Sino-japenese war

1894, japan vs. china japan won ports in chia and taiwan

1894

sino-japenese war

Russo-Japanese war

Japan vs. Russian, Japan won

Treaty of Portsmouth

1905 gained Korea as well as Manchuria

Hermit kingdom

Japan

March first movement

march 1, 1919 nonviolent protest of Japan, symbol of Jordan nationalists

1867

Unseated shogun restored emperor

March 1, 1919

march first movement

Tokyo

eastern capital

Meiji

enlighten rule

1871

Japanese government traveled to learn western ways

1889

Meiji constitution

Diet

legislature, one house elected and one house emperor elected

Kawasaki

business dynasties who ruled industrial empires

Japan industry

steel, silk

1989

Japanese women forbidden political power

Homogeneous society

common culture and language

1976

Korea opens ports to Japanese

Korea

ruled by Japanese for 36 years

French Indochina

Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia

Sea

Thailand

Mongkut

1851-1868, reformed government and modernized army, new technology, and abolished slavery

Chulalongkurn

son of mongkut

Spanish-American war

1898 us vs. Spain over Cuba, us won

1851-1868

mongkut

1898

Spanish American war

Emilio agunald

battled American forces,

Samos

1878, treaty with us giving extraterritoy

Liliou Kalani

Hawaiian queen overthrown in 1893

Guan

us after Spanish American war

Phan thanh glan

Viet official and patriot

Dutch east India company

gained control of Moluccas

Moluccas

spice islands

Indigenous

original people

Replacement

when settlers overthrew indigenous

Canada act of 1791

split Canada up

Upper Canada

English (resented British power)

Lower Canada

French (British ignored needs)

William Lyon Mackenzie

leader of Upper Canada revolt

Durham report

balled for united Canada

Canadian act of union

1840 elected legislature for domestic policy

1840

Canadian act of union

John MacDonald

urged confederation our unity of providences

George-Etienne Cartier

dominate by us

British North American 1867

dominion of Canada

Dominion

self governing nation

Canadian pacific railroad

1885 east and west

Lous reil

led a revolt of Métis

Métis

people of Native American and Europe

Captain James cook

Australia and New Zealand

Aborigines

earliest people living there

Penal colony

preseason

Outback

rugged interior

Commonwealth of Australia

1901, helped colonies unite drew from both federal and prime minister

Maoris

local people

cuadillos

local strongmen that assembled private armies to resist central governemt

Economic dependence

when less developed nations export raw materials and commodities to industrial nations and import manufactured goods, capital and technology

Mexican war

1845, united states annexed Texas, us won and got half of Mexico

La reforma

era of reforming 1855

Benito Juarez

la reforma, revised constitution to strip military and end special for church preside in 1861

Porfirio Diaz

dictator (1875-1880)(1884-1911)

Order and progress

strengthened army, local police and central government

Peonage

workers wanted advances and required them to work kit off

Hacienda

ranch

Colossus of the north

united states

Monroe doctrine

1823, American is not allowed to be colonized

Spanish American war

1848 joined Cuba against Spain

Puerto Rico

us got in Spanish American war, guan and Philippines

Platt amendment

1901, add to Cuban constitution gave naval bases and right to interfere

Guantanamo naval base

got in Platt amendment

Roosevelt corollary

1904, policy to the Monroe doctrine "international police power" in western hemisphere

Panama canal

1914, backed panama against Colombia (1903)

Rudyard Kipling

1900 popular writer

Cecil Rhodes

leading promoter of British imperialism

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