a country placed under the control of another power by international agreement
to divide a region into smaller parts
the killing of 6 million Jews in Europe by HItler and the Nazis during World War II
prejudice or hatred of Jews
the bringing of ideas and customs of the United States and Western Europe into a country
belief that religious rules and laws should be strictly observed
a group of people who have strong nationalistic feelings, but do not have a country of their own (example: Palestine)
a person who leaves his country because of war, disaster or persecution
led the Egyptian revolution of 1952 and overthrew the King of Egypt. Was the President of Egypt for 16 years.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Founder of modern-day Turkey. Believed in westernization, by force if necessary. Was a war hero for the Ottoman forces during WWI.
President of Egypt in 1979 when Egypt became the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel.
an Arab region that was also the land Jews lived in 2,000 years ago. Often called the Holy Land.
she was Turkey's Prime Miniser for several years during the 1990s.
A sect of Islam that most Muslims and most Iraqis are
A sect of Islam that most Muslims in Iran are. They are more wiling to accept religious leaders as political leaders (theocracy)
Muslim empire that began in Turkey and spread and spread to Southwest Asia, Northern Africa and Eastern Europe that lasted from teh 1400s until the 1920s
Law of Return
law enacted in 1950 in Israel, granting Jews anywhere in the world permission to move to Israel and become citizens
ethnic group of people who live on the Arabian Peninsula
person who is an inhabitant (lives in) or is a native (is from) Israel
People who live in Palestine. A stateless nation
movement that encouraged Jews to return to Palestine, the Jewish homeland, which many Jews call Zion
war between Iran and Iraq that lasted 8 years. War that started when Saddam Hussein, the ruler of Iraq, invaded Iran in 1980
Persian Gulf War
1991 war between the US and Iraq because Iraq invaded Kuwait. US and other countries invaded Iraq to force Iraq out of Kuwait
Operation Iraqi Freedom
The United States with the help of Britain, Australia and other countries invaded Iraq in 2003 because they believed Saddam Hussein, the ruler of Iraq, was hiding dangerous illegal weapons
Invasion of Afghanistan
October 2001, the United States began bombing Taliban centers in Afghanistan in response to the attack on September 11, 2001 of the World Trade Center in New York
wars between 1948 and 1973
Arab-Israeli wars. A series of wars between 1948 and 1973 that were fought between Israel and the Arab countries of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization
organization formed in 1964 by Palestinians who refused to recognize Israel's right to exist
group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government
area on the west bank of the Jordan River where Palestinians live
small area of land on the western coast of Israel where Palestinians live