french revolution ch. 18 section 1 and 2

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47 terms · this is for 9th grade history at wesleyan. its ch 18 sections 1 and 2. section 3 is napolean and i have a different whole set on him.

2 major events in 1789

1. begining of united states
2.FRENCH REVOLUTION

french vs. american revolution

french= more violent, complex, and far more radical

french revolution tried to create a new ______ and a new ______

political order and a new social order

causes included

long-range and immediate forces

France divided in 3 _____

estates

first estate

clergy

clergy

-130,000 people
-.5-1% of whole population
-owned 10% of land
-NO TAXES (or taille)
-high clergy
*members of aristocratic families
*shared intrests of nobility
-parish preists
*often very poor
*from class of commeners

second estate

nobility

nobility

-350,000 people
- 1.5 - 2% of whole population
-owned 25% of land
-held leading positions in
*government
*military
*law courts
*higher church offices
-NO TAXES (or taille)

third estate

commeners

commeners

-97-98% of whole population
-owned 65% of land
-many different groups
*peasants
*wage earners
*bourgeoisie
-ALL TAXED

peasent

-75-80% of whole population
-owned 35-40% of land
-little or nothing to survive on
-taxed

wage earners

-craftspeople, shoekeepers ,bakers, etc.
-played important role
-taxed

bourgeoisie

-middle class
-8% of total population (2.3 mil. ppl)
-owned 20-25% of land
-lawyers, doctors, merchants, bankers, etc.
-taxed

how did bourgeoisie feel about nobles?

-unhappy w/ their privaledges of RELICS OF FEUDALISM
-unhappy that they had no taxes
-unhappy that they could nver hold positions that the nobles could just bc of their name
-boug. was very smart/educated from enlightenment but mad bc they couldnt do what nobles could

financial crisis

-bad harvest in 1788 and 89
-food shortage
-rising prices
-unemployment
-poor =~ 1/3 of population

french government"s contribution to financial issues

-spent enormous sums on luxeries
*court luxeries
*WARS
-helped conlonists in war against Britain
-marie antoinette

marie antonette

-know for extravagance

Estates general

-louis XVI called a meeting
-not met since 1614

the estates general were called to _____

make new taxes

estates general was composed of _____

represenatives from all 3 orders of rench society

third estate mad...

bc they had millions more people than the other estates but still only got 1 vote. This would have made the 3rd estate have a big magority. the 2nd and 1st estates would always out vote them 2-1

third estate broke off and called them selves _____

the national assembly
-june 17, 1789

Tennis court oath

the national assembly went to have a meeting, but at their meeting place they found the doors locked. they went to a nearby tennis court and swore there that they would continue to meet unit they produced a French constitution.

Storm of the Bastille

july 14,1789- a mob of paris commeners stormed the bastille (a prison and armory). they dismanteled it brick by brick and let the prisoners loose to paris

the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen (TDOTROMATC)

-august 26, 1789
-national assembly wrote it
-inspired by the american constitution, Dec. of Ind. and English bill of rights

Olympe de gouges

-wrote plays, and pamphlets
-wouldn't except exclusion of women in the TDOTROMATC

march for bread to versailles

- tousands of parisian women marched to versailles (where the king was staying) and demanded that they king accept the new decrees and described how their kids were starving
-they also insisted that they royal family retrn to Paris

church reforms

-Nation assembly seized and sold church's land
-church was secularized
-bishops and preists were elected by people and paid by govn't
-many catholics became enemies of the revolution

war with austria

- austria and prussia threatened to use force to put louis XVI back in power
-insulted by the threat, the legislative branch called war on them in 1792

paris commune

-organized a mob
-took king captive
-forced legislative branch to suspend monarchy and call for a national convintial

sans-culottes

"w/o breeches (or nice pants)"

georges danton

-minister of justice
-led the sans-culottes <---------
^
-jean-paul marat also helped---^

jacobins

-girondins
-mountains

girondins

-represented provinces (areas outside of the cities)
-LEANED TOWARD KEEPING THE KING, because they feared the radical mobs.

mountains

-condemned louis XVI to death @ begining of 1793
-obviously DIDN'T WANT TO KEEP THE KING

death of king Louis XVI

- mountains condemned him to death and he
-he died on janurary 21, 1793

Committee of public saftey (cops)

-committee of 12
-led by georges danton then maximilien Robespierre

reign of terror

-roughly a year: 1793-1794
-cops took complete control
-close to 40,000 people were killed
-16,000 out of the 40k were killed by the guillotine (including marie anoinette and de gouges)

massacre at Lyon

-cops made an example of that city
-1800 citizens were executed

massacre at natnes

-one of the most violent
-people sunk on barges in the loire river

Dechristianization

-saint taken out of street names
-churches pillaged
-preists encouaged to marry
-Notre Dame was deignated as the Temple of Reason
-calenders didn't start from 1ad. they started from september 22, 1792
-most didn't accept these new orders and robespierre realized that france was still very catholic

death of robespierre

-on july 28,1794 the national assembly condemned him to death bc they feared him.

constitution of 1795

-established a national legislative assembly consisting of 2 cambers

2 cambers of legislative assembly

1.lower house
-council of 500
-legislation
2.upper house
-council of elders
-accepted or rejected the porposed laws

the directory

composed of 5 elected directors from Council of 500 that act as executive body

1799 coup d'etat

-led by napoleon
-overthrew directory
-napoleon siezed power

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