a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
a population count taken by the Census Bureau
a person from a legislator`s district
an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
year of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
Ex post facto law
a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
the right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage
representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
government projects and grants that primarily benefit the home district or state
a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
refusal to sign a bill or resolution
president's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days
person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
a rule or command that has the force of law
a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
an order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
a nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
a group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 15 top-level executive departments
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
the authority to hear cases for the first time
the authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
the power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution
a court's calendar, showing the schedule of cases it is to hear
the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases (let the decision stand)
a statement that presents the views of the majority of Supreme Court justices regarding
a statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion
Numbers of members in the Senate
Nubers of members in the House
What are the requirements to be in the Senate.
You must be 30 years old, be a US citizen for 9 years, and live in the state for which you run.
What are the senators for NC?
Kay Hagen and Richard Burr
What are the requirments to bein the House?
You must be 25, US citizen for 7 years, line in state and district you run for election.
What is the teerm for the House and the Senate?
House is 2 years, and the Senate is 6 years.
Speaker of the House
Most powerful leader in the house. Steers legislation, in charge of floor debates, influence other house business
President pro tempore
Honary position held by most senoir member of the majority party.
Try to make sure that laws passed by the Congress are in the best interest of their party.
Assist floor leader by keeping track of how part members vote and persuade party members of vote together.
What are the Committees in Congress?
1) Standing Committee
2) Select Committee
3) Joint Committee
4) Conference Committee
How many Standing committees are in the House and Senate?
19 in the US House, 17 in the US Senate.
Which committee type in Congress lasts forever?
Which Committee type in Congress is selected to do a specific job and only has members from one house.
Which committee type in Congress is made up of members from both houses and is usually formed to conduct investigations?
Which Committee type in Congress is temporary joint committee formed to agree on the details of a law before sending to the president?
From where are committee chairmen selected?
What are the two types of Bills?
Private and Public
What are the Congressional powers of Congress
Collect taxes, Borrow money, Regulate commerce, Postal System, Declare War, Regulate immigration and naturalization, armed forces.
What are the Implied powers of Congress?
Derived from elastic clause. Gives congress the right to make laws to carry out its given powers.
What are the Non-Legisative power of Congress?
Propose amendments, Investigate, Impeach, over-ride presidential veto with 2/3 from both houses.
What are the special powers of the House?
Begin Impeachment, Choose President if no majority in electoral votes, start tax bilss in Congress.
What are the special powers of the Senate
Act as jury for impeachment trials, ratify treaties with other nations, approve/reject presidential appointments, Filibuster.
Who is the head of the Executive Branch?
President of the United States
What is the main job of the head of the Executive Branch?
Consititutional Powers - Issues Laws
Legislative Powers - Approves or veto legislation
Military Power - Commander in Chief
Diplomatic Power - Chief Diplomat
Judicial Power - Appoint Judges / Issues pardons
What are some departments in the Executive branch?
FBI, CIA, DEA, ATF, DOT, CDC, NTSB
What is the main job of the Supreme Court?
What is the head branch of the Federal Court System?
US Supreme Court
Judges and justices are appointed for life by who?
President of the United States
How can judges be removed from office?
Impeachment or retire
How are Federal Courts Organized?
US Court of Appeals (Appellate Courts)
What do Appellate Courts decisions do?
Uphold lower courts decision.
Reverse lower court decision
Remand: Send back to lower court
Precedent: Give guidance to lower court
What does the US Court of Appeals do?
Review decisions of the District courts.
Make Appeliate jurisdiction
What do District Courts do?
Where federal cases are handled. Witnesses testify in these courts only.
How many District Courts are there?
When is the Supreme court in session?
From October until June or July.
What is the final court of appeal?
How many US Courts of Appeal are there?