sound that is in unison with the filmed image.
sound that is not in harmony or unison with the visual image.
to line up the sound and images of a film so they occur at the same rate.
A voice that originates from a speaker who can be inferred to be present in the scene, but who is not visible onscreen.
A voice whose source is neither visible in the frame nor implied to be offscreen; it typically narrates the film's images, such as in a flashback or the commentary in a documentary film.
sound with a visible source in the pro-filmic world, such as when dialogue appears to come directly from the speaker's moving lips.
A term used to distinguish diegetic sounds related to the action, but whose source is not visible on the screen.
sound that has its source in the narrative world of the film, whose characters are presumed to be able to hear it.
sound that does not have an identifiable source in the characters' world, and that consequently the characters cannot hear.
sound that is neither strictly diegetic or non-diegetic, such as certain voiceovers that can be construed as the thoughts of a character, and thus as arriving from the story world. AKA: internal diegetic sound
An instance in which the soundtrack reinforces the image, such as synchronized dialogue or sound effects or a voiceover that is consistent with what is displayed onscreen.
using sound to indicate a different meaning or association than that of the image. AKA: contrapuntal sound
diegetic music, music whose source is visible onscreen.
music that contrasts with the source music, music under the action. AKA: background music
a visual or aural signal that indicates the beginning of an action, line, dialogue, or piece of music.
a repeated idea, pattern, image or theme often used to communicate visual ideas. AKA: motives
a beat, pulse, pace or tempo with a pattern in regards to music, speech, sound effects, and images.
the extent to which the sound is faithful to the source as the audience conceives it.
sound carried over a picture transition or a sound belonging to the coming scene playing before the image changes.
the apparent location and distance of a sound source.
Mixing two or more characters' speech to imitate the rhythm of speech; the term may also refer to dialogue that overlaps two scene to affect a transition between them.
enhanced or artificially created sounds used to emphasize the content of a film.
the background sounds that are present in a scene or location.
a film without any synchronized recorded sound, especially spoken dialogue. Sound could not be recorded onto film until the late 1920s.
A category or classification of a group of movies in which the individual films share similar subject matter and similar ways of organizing the subject matter through narrative and stylistic patterns.
A term that refers to the world of the film's story (its characters, places, and events), including not only what is shown but also what is implied to have taken place. From the Greek word meaning narration.
theatrical, literary, and cinematic narrative mode often centered on individual crises within the confines of family or other social institutions, frequently characterized by clearly identifiable moral types, coincidences, and reversals of fortunes with the use of music to underscore the action.
A strictly American genre based off of light operetta and vaudevillian musical theatre in which characters express their emotions through musical numbers that either support or punctuate the story. Came into popularity with new sound technology of the late 1920s. General characteristics: utopian setting, fantastic/theatrical elements, heterosexual coupling.
members of the sound crew who generate live, synchronized sound effects such as footsteps, the rustle of clothing, or a key turning in a lock, while watching the projected film. Named after the inventor, Jack ______, ______ tracks are eventually mixed with other audio tracks.
sound recorded after the actual filming and then synchronized with onscreen sources.
automated dialogue replacement
A process during which actors watch the film footage and re-record their lines to be dubbed into the soundtrack. AKA: looping, ADR
the aural properties of a location that are recorded and then mixed in with dialogue and other tracks to achieve a more realistic sound.
an important stage in the postproduction of a film that takes place after the image track, including the credits, is complete; the process by which all the elements of the soundtrack (music, effects, dialogue) are combined and adjusted. AKA: re-recording
sound on film
a class of sound processes where the sound accompanying the picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture.
sound on disc
a sound process where the film's soundtrack would be on a separate phonograph record.
an on-camera interview that typically shows the speaker from the shoulders up.
short for talking picture, a film with synchronized speech and singing.
sound that forces the audience to notice the significance of something onscreen, such as the ominous chord struck when the villain's presence is made known.
over illustrating the action through the musical score, drawn from the convention of composing for cartoons. Ex: A character walking on tiptoe with music played by plucked strings.
the lines spoken by characters in a film.
an offshoot of the musical film genre where the plot revolves around "putting on the show."
Mixing two or more sounds to imitate the rhythm a different sound.