Computers: First Quarter Test 1

70 terms by mjvolley11 

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f

A serial port transmits data in parallel and is most often used by an older printer.

f

When data and instructions are not being used, they must be kept in permanent storage, sometimes called primary storage.

t

Parallel ATA, sometimes called the EIDE (Enhanced IDE) standard or the IDE standard, is slower than SATA.

t

A motherboard can have more than one bus, each using a different protocol, speed, data path size, and so on.

t

Some very basic instructions are stored on the motherboard—just enough to start the computer, use some simple hardware devices such as a monitor and keyboard, and search for an operating system stored on a storage device such as a hard drive or CD.

t

Expansion cards are installed in long narrow expansion slots on the motherboard.

t

All circuit boards contain microchips.

f

A FireWire sound port connects to an external home theater audio system, providing digital output and the best signal quality

f

n nonvolatile memory, the stored information is lost when the computer is turned off.

t

There are only two states inside a computer: on and off, which represent one and zero.

d hardware

In the world of computers, the term ____ refers to the computer's physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, motherboard, and hard drive.

a software

The term ____ refers to the set of instructions that directs the hardware to accomplish a task.

b input processing storage and output

To perform a computing task, software uses hardware for four basic functions: ____.

d bit

A 1 or 0 in this system is called a ____.

a port

Most input/output devices communicate with components inside the computer case through a wireless connection or through cables attached to the case at a connection called a(n) ____.

c hard

The printer produces output on paper, often called ____ copy.

b peripheral

A device that is not installed directly on the motherboard is called a(n) ____ device.

c universal serial

A ____ bus port can be used by many different input/output devices, such as keyboards, printers, scanners, and digital cameras.

a chipset

The ____ is a group of microchips on the motherboard that control the flow of data and instructions to and from the processor.

d RAM

Primary storage is provided by devices called memory or ____ located on the motherboard and on some adapter cards.

b hard

Most ____ drives consist of a sealed case containing platters or disks that rotate at a high speed.

c optical

A(n) ____ drive is considered standard equipment on most computer systems today because most software is distributed on CDs or DVDs.

d flash

USB ____ drives are compact, easy to use, and currently hold up to 64 GB of data.

a protocol

A(n) ____ is a set of rule and standards that any two entities use for communication.

c system clock

The ____ or system timer is dedicated to timing the activities of the chips on the motherboard.

b binary

Everything in a computer is ____.

a video

The ____ card, also called a graphics card, provides one or more ports for a monitor.

d network

The ____ card provides a port for a network cable to connect the PC to a network.

a power supply

The most important component of the computer's electrical system is the ____, which is usually near the rear of the case.

c symbols

Data and instructions are stored on special ROM (read-only memory) chips on the board and are called the ____.

b CMOS RAM

Data and instructions are stored on special ROM (read-only memory) chips on the board and are called the ____.

b hardware

The term ____ refers to the computer's physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, memory chips, and hard drive.

a software

The term ____ refers to the set of instructions that directs the hardware to accomplish a task.

b bit

A 1 or 0 in the binary number system is called a ____.

a CPU

The ____ writes data and instructions in storage devices and performs calculations and other data processing.

d printer

The ____ is an output device which produces output on paper.

peripheral

A device that is not installed directly on the motherboard is called a(n) ____ device.

c FireWire

A ____ port is used for high-speed multimedia devices such as digital camcorders.

d USB

A ____ port can be used by many different input/output devices, such as keyboards, printers, scanners, and digital cameras.

b serial

Some older motherboards provide a ____ port, which is often used for an external modem or a serial mouse.

a primary storage

The processor uses temporary storage, called ____, to temporarily hold both data and instructions while it is processing them.

b secondary storage

Permanent storage is sometimes called ____.

b secondary storage

Examples of ____ devices include hard disks, CDs, DVDs, USB flash drives, and floppy disks.

c RAM

Primary storage is provided by devices called ____.

d memory modules

RAM boards are called ____.

b traces

____ are circuits or paths on the motherboard that enable data, instructions, and power to move from component to component on the board.

b data path size

The width of a data bus is called the ____.

a system bus

The main bus on the motherboard that communicates with the CPU, memory, and the chipset is known as the ____.

a megahertz MHz

____ is one million cycles per second.

d cards

Circuit boards other than the motherboard inside the computer are sometimes called ____.

c monitor

The video card provides a port for the ____.

d ACPI

Most motherboard BIOSs and operating systems support a power-saving feature using standards developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba, called the ____ standards.

b CPU

Writes data and instructions in storage devices and performs calculations and other data processing

g keyboard

The primary input device of a computer

e mouse

Pointing device used to move a pointer on the screen and to make selections

a monitor

The visual device that displays the primary output of the computer

i motherboard

Contains a socket to hold the CPU

f hertz

One cycle per second

c megahertz

One million cycles per second

h gigahertz

One billion cycles per second

d flash ROM

Non-volatile memory and can be reprogrammed

d binary

The technology of storing and reading only two states

h byte

A group of eight bits

f keyboard

The primary input device of a computer

a mouse

A pointing device used to move a pointer on the screen and to make selections

c monitor

The visual device that displays the primary output of the computer

e hard copy

Output produced on paper

i processor

The chip inside the computer that performs most of the actual data processing

g ROM

Nonvolatile memory

b bus

The system of pathways used for communication and the protocol and methods used for transmission

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