Parts of the Bones

40 terms by chsmoak 

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compact bone

tightly packed, the dense, hard, and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones

spongy bone

open spaces, mesh-like bone tissue containing marrow and fine branching canals through which blood vessels run

long bones

femur, humurus

short bones

carpals, tarsels

flat bones

skull, ribs, sternum

irregular

vertebrae, hip

diaphysis

shaft of the bone

epiphysis

ends of bone

periosteum

outside covering of bone

red marrow

makes all blood cells

yellow marrow

mainly fat

osteon

basic functional unit of the bone

osteocytes

mature bone cells

osteoblasts

bone forming cells

osteoclasts

cells that break bone down

axial skeleton

skull, vertebrae, thorax

appendicular

extremities or limbs

sinuses

air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity

clavicle

collarbone

scapula

shoulder blade

humerus

upper arm

radius

forearm

carpals

wrist

metacarpals

palm

phalanges

fingers

femur

thigh bone

lower leg

tibia

fibrous joint

immovable, two or more bones joined by connective tissue containing many fibers

cartilaginous joints

slightly movable, allow only slight movement and consist of bones connected entirely by cartilage

synovial

freely moving

ligament

bone to bone attachment

tendon

bone to muscle attachment

osteoporosis

degeneration of the bone layers

osteoarthritis

wear n tear disease

rheumatoid arthritis

A chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, stiffness, pain, and swelling that results in crippling deformities

tarsus

ankle

metatarsals

bones of the foot between ankle and toes

bursitis

inflammation of the bursa

tendonitis

inflammation of the tendons

epiphyseal plates

where bone growth occurs

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