ch 12 study guide

47 terms by wendy02149

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laceration

which term describes a torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut wound?

gangrene

which condition involves tissue death that usually associated with a loss of circulation?

cyst

which abnormal sac contains fluid or semisolid material?

actinic keratosis

which condition is a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun?

wheal

describes a small bump that itches and often appears as a symptom of an allergic reaction...

furuncle

which condition is a localized skin infection caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands?

rhytidectomy

what is the surgical removal of excess skin for the elimination of wrinkles?

macule

describes a discolored, flat skin lesion, such as freckle or flat mole, that is less than 1 centimeter in diameter....

hirsutism

what is the presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male patter?

strawberry hemangioma

what condition is a raised birthmark made up of a newly formed blood vessels?

vitiligo

what is a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes?

hyperhidrosis

what condition is know for excessive sweating in one area or over the whole body?

pediculosis

what term means an infestation with head lice?

sebaceous glans

are located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles?

seborrhea

the common skin condition in which there is an overproduction of sebum is?

seborrheaickeratosis

the benign skin growth that has waxy or ''pasted-on'' look and occurs more commonly among the elderly is?

alopecia

medical term for the partial or complete loss of hair on the scalp is?

onychomycosis

describes any fungal infection of the nail is known as?

abrasion

an injury in which superficial layers of skin are rubbed away is?

contact dermatitis

a localized allergic response caused by contact with an irritant or allergen is know as?

miliaria

know as prickly heat, is an intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells is know as?

ulcer

open sore or erosion of the skin membrane resulting in tissue loss is know as?

melanosis

any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in different part body is know as?

comedo

lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle is known as?

ichthyosis

group of hereditary disorder characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin is known as?

tinea

known as a ring worm, a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails is known as?

xeroderma

medical term meaning excessively dry skin is know as?

skin tag

skin growth that hangs by fine stalk is?

kelioid

abnormal raised scar is known as?

keratiosis

a wart.

lipoma

benign fatty deposit under the skin is known as?

polyp

mushroom-like growth on mucous membrane is known as?

vesicle

know as a blister.

crust

known as a scab.

pruritus

known as itching.

urticaria

known a hives.

verrucae

known as warts.

albin/o

white.

hidr/o

sweat.

melan/o

black.

onych/o

nail.

xer/o

dry.

hyperhidrosis

excessive sweating.

miliaria

heat rash.

anhidrosis

lacking sweat.

hidrosis

production and excretion of sweat.

diphoresis

profuse sweating.

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