Naturalization Law of 1802
Shortly after Congress reconvened right after Jefferson was elected, Jefferson had them pass this law. It shortened the ridiculous time for an immigrant to be a citizen from 14 years to 5 years. One of the few cases of Jefferson totally re-doing one of the Federalist policies or laws.
Judiciary Act of 1801
One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
was a "Midnight Judge" appointed in the Judiciary Act of 1801. Sued government because he was never appointed, which resulted in Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review.
The power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action
supreme court justice of whom the Democratic-Republican Congress tried to remove in retaliation of the John Marshall's decision regarding Marbury; was not removed due to a lack of votes in the Senate.
Pirates of the North African Barbary States made countries, like the U.S., par a heavy tribute for pirate protection. jefferson did not like this, so he refused to par what was demanded. the pasha of tripoli then un-officially declared war on the u.s. jefferson sent the infant navy to tripoli, and he succeeded in getting a peace treaty after 4 years.
5th president, begins expansionism including Florida and Missouri, as well as reigning over the Era of Good Feelings
along with James Monroe, negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million
a self educated ex-slave and military genius. was betrayed by the french, who imprisoned him in a chilly dungeon in france
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
personal secretary who Jefferson sent to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase.
explorer sent by President Jefferson to explore land west of the Mississippi River that created accurate maps of the region
native american woman who served as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition
served as the 3rd Vice President of the United States. Member of the Republicans and President of the Senate during his Vice Presidency. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
General James Wilkinson
the corrupt military governor of Louisiana Territory; made an allegiance with Burr to separate the western part of the United States from the East and expand their new confederacy with invasions of Spanish-controlled Mexico and Florida; betrayed Burr when he learned that Jefferson knew of the plot; Burr was acquitted of the charges of treason by James Madison and he fled to Europe.
Orders in Council
British followed the Essex decision in 1806, the new policy that declared broken voyages illegal, with first of several trade regulations known as Orders in Council which established a blockade of part of the continent of Europe. It allowed American vessels to trade with French possessions as long as they carried their cargoes to Britain rather than to a continental port controlled by France.
British seamen often deserted to join the American merchant marines. The British would board American vessels in order to retrieve the deserters, and often seized any sailor who could not prove that he was an American citizen and not British.
American frigate overhauled by a British frigate in 1807 off the coast of Virginia, demanding the surrender of four accused deserters. The American commander refused and the British responded by crippling the frigate and killing or wounding twenty-three.
Embargo Act of 1807
It banned the exportation of any goods to any countries. With the act, Jefferson planned to force France and England, who both depended on American trade, to respect America and its citizens, who had been killed and captured by both countries. The embargo significantly hurt the profits of U.S. merchants and was consequently hated by Americans.
Non-Intercourse Act of 1809
Passed during the presidency of James Madison. It stated that America could trade with all nations except Britain and France.
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
Macon's Bill #2
the act stipulated that either Britain or France repealed trade restrictions
William Henry Harrison
Govenor of the Indiana territory, that fought against Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe
Battle of Tippecanoe
Tecumseh & the prophet form confederation and are defeated by William Henry Harrison; makes many americans suspicious of british aid and stirred up talk of canadian invasion