Latins, Greeks, Etruscans
List the three groups of people that settled on the Italian peninsula from 1000 to 500 B.C
What year was Rome founded in?
Romulus and Remus
Who was Rome founded by?
Serve in the Army
What did all Roman citizens who owned land required to do?
What new goverment did the Romans establish?
What year did the Romans establish their new government?
Rome and Carthage
What two city-states was the Punic Wars between?
What river was Rome established along?
Power rest with the citizens who have the right to vote to select their leaders
Patricians and Plebians
What were the two classes in the early republic
At the top of the early Roman Republic there were two government officials called what?
Consuls served for who many years?
Carthage was no longer a threatto Rome. There was territory that made the new province of Africa.
What was the result of the third Punic War?
How many members did the early Roman Republic Senate consist of?
The Mediterranean Sea
Rome's location gave it easy acces to the riches of the lands surrounding what sea?
An important victory for the plebeians was to force the creation of the written code of law called what?
protected the rights of the plebians from unfair acts of officials
large military units
a general, wanted to avenge Carthage's defeat
Rome's military leader, devised a sign to attack carthage.
the idea that all free citizens patricans and plebians had a right to the protection of the law.
What did the Twelve Tables establish?
Tiberious and Gaius
What two brothers attempted to propose reforms in order to help Rome's poor but instead their deaths led to a period of civil war?
1. Granted Roman citizenship to the people in provinces.
2. Expanded the senate, helping the poor, by creating Jobs.
3. He started colonies when landless can own land.
4. Gave free grains
List four contributions Juluis Caesar made as ruler of Rome.
The citizens loved him and pompey feared his ambitions
Why did Pompey bebcome Caesar's political rival?
Caliguld, Nero, Domstian
List 3 rulers considered to have been bad emerors of the Roman Empire.
What does Pax Romana mean?
What was the most important industry in the Roman Empire?
What year was Caesar appointed dictator of Rome?
Marc 15, 44 B.C
What date Caesar die?
Cassius and Brutus
Who were the two senaters responsible for the death of Ceasar?
a period of peace and prosperity throught the Roman empire.
Rome was at the peak of its power from the beginning of what year?
Ceasar's adopted son who deafeated Mark Antony
Octavian's rival enemy
wife of Mark Antony
What was the population of the Roman Empire during the Pax Romana?
China and India
What countries did Rome trade with?
How did Mark Antony and Cleopatra die?
1. Vast network of roads
2. Glorified Rome with public buildings
List two contributions Augustus made to Rome.
What was at the heart of Roman society?
The death of who marked the beginning of the empire's dcline and the end of the Pax Romana?
discipline, strength, loyalty
Throughout history, Rome empasized the values of ____________, __________________, and __________________.
professional fighters, often fought to the death in public contests.
father of the Roman gods.
wife of Jupiter and goddes of Romanwomen.
goddes of love
god of the son
god of the sea
What brought 200 years of peace and prosperty to Rome?
the huge aren where Romans often witnessed contests, races, and combats.
What religion developed during the Pax Romana?