Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
The father of forensic (toxicology).
The father of (criminal identification). Developed the science of Anthropometry.
Published a book titled (Finger Prints).
Devised a procedure for determining the blood group of a (dried bloodstain).
Comparison Microscope: Established as the indispensable tool of the modern (firearms examiner).
ALBERT S. OSBORN
Developed the fundamental principles of (document examination); Questioned Documents.
WALTER C. McCRONE
Advocate for applying (microscopy) to analytical problems.
A strong advocate of the use of the (scientific method) in criminal investigation: Criminal Investigation.
Locard believed that when a person comes in contact with an object or person, a cross-transfer of materials occurs. (Locard's Exchange Principle)
Frye v. United States
Generally Accepted Principal; the judicial admissibility of scientific examinations. (General acceptance).
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
The U. S. Supreme Court asserted that "general acceptance," or the Frye standard, is not an absolute prerequisite to the admissibility of scientific evidence under the Federal Rules of Evidence. (Gatekeeper).
Coppolino v. State Florida
A case that exemplifies the type of flexibility and wide discretion that the Daubert ruling apparently gives trial judges in matters of scientific inquiry; (Allows new scientific research).
Kumho Tire Co., Ltd. v. Carmichael
The Court unanimously ruled that the "gatekeeping" role of the trial judge applied not only to scientific testimony, but to (Allows all expert testimony).
Mincey v. Arizona
Contended that the evidence gathered from his apartment, without a warrant and without his consent, was illegally seized. (Limited time for searches w/o warrants)
Michigan v. Tyler
(Additional entries) to investigate the cause of a (fire)must be made pursuant to the warrant procedures.