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Virginia House of Burgesses

1619. First elected legilative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia. Served as an early model of elected government in the New World.

New England town meetings

Democratic style of government. Towns and cities grew around gathering places, and allowed mass participation in politics.

Mayflower Compact

This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.

mercantilism

an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Set up a unified government for the towns of the Connecticut area (Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield). First constitution written in America.

Virginia

(founded) 1607
London Company
1624

Massachusetts

(founded) 1620
Puritans
1691

New Hampshire

(founded) 1623
John Wheelwright
1679

Maryland

(founded) 1634
Lord Baltimore

Connecticut

(founded) c. 1635
Thomas Hooker

Rhode Island

(founded) 1636
Roger Williams

Delaware

(founded) 1638
Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company

North Carolina

(founded) 1653
Virginians
1729

South Carolina

(founded) 1663
Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II
1729

New Jersey

(founded) 1664
Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret
1702

New York

(founded) 1664
Duke of York
1685

Pennsylvania

(founded) 1682
William Penn

Georgia

(founded) 1732
James Edward Oglethorpe
1752

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