A word meaning "universal" "In totality" or "in keeping with the whole."
A permanent and visible sign and foundation of the Church's unity
A permanent element of the Church, certain absolute truths which must be accepted because they have been revealed to us by Jesus
Body of Dogma
Writings that are normative for all religious truth and all Church teachings
All the members of the Church, living and dead
Communion of saints
Refers to all of the ways in which the Church has passed on its understanding of God's Revelation
Tradition of the Church
The meaning of her life as a symbol and instrument of God
Mary is a sacrament
"Study of the Church"
Person through whom and in whom God is visible
Permanent sign of God's promsie that the SPirit and the Church will never be seperated
Beliefs and truths which are essential to Christian faith and which have been specifically revealed by God
The belief that God offers special care to those in need
Preferential option for the poor
Permanent element of the Church that there are certain things that have always been and will always be opposed to God
Seals and completes Baptism
Literally means "to call out"
An account of God's invitation to return the world to the way it was before the sin of Adam and Eve
"Having been sent"
Permanent element of the Church refers to its basic form and makeup
THe focal point of God's continuing presence in history; the body of Christ on Earth.
From the time of the early Church, it has been linked with the descent of the Holy Spirit and the permanent marking of a person by God.
The Church is one because the ____ is one.
The Church is holy because it is the ____.
Body of Christ
What three aspects of Catholic faith and practice are particularly important in giving form to holiness?
Sacraments, evangelical councils (poverty, chastity, and obedience), and the moral teachings of the Church
To say that the Church is Catholic is to say that the totality of the ____ is present in the Church
body of Christ
The Church is apostolic because it has been sent into the ____.
world by Christ.
What three ways does the Catholic Church remain faithful to its apostolic natrue?
By recognizing it was built from the apostles, by adhering to the faith of the apostles, and by accepting the continued guidance of Peter's succor, the pope.
Through the centuries the Church has encountered God and passed on knowledge and understanding of the truth through ____, ____, and formal teachings called ____.
scripture; tradition; dogmas
T/F: Catholics believe that service is an optional addition to our faith.
False - Service is an intrinsic part of our faith.
T/F: THe Church is the primary instrument of God's grace on earth.
T/F: We believe that each baptized person has an obligation to cooperate with the Church's service and to participate in that service according to his or her unique gifts and talents.
T/F: The universal destination of goods is the first principle that should guide Christians in their service of others.
False it is the recognition of the dignity of very human being.
What does the common good refer to?
Everything which allows all people, both individually and in groups, to be fulfilled more fully and more easily.
The Church canonizes those people who practiced ____ throughout their lives. We hold them up as ____ and guides in the life of ____.
heroic virtue; examples; faith
What does it mean to say that the saints in heaven are more than just distant examples, that they are our friends and our companions and that they share what we do?
They provide us an example and share in our communal identity
What does it mean to say that Mary is the model of the Church?
She is the model saint because she shows us what it means to imitate Christ.
The initial spread of Christianity occurred primarily because of whose witness?
The appointing of family members to positions
Those who had given in to threats and renounced or pretended to renounce their Christian faith in the face of persecution
The separation of the Orthodox Church from the Roman Catholic Church
A gathering of bishops from all different areas
The sign of a person's entry into the Church and willingness to accept death out of faithfulness to God
Prohibited the persecution of Christians
Edict of Milan
The buying and selling of Church positions
Saint Augustine's position that states had both a right and a responsibility to use force in certain circumstances and under certain conditions
"Just War" Theory
Decided Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to keep the entire Jewish Law, but only those specific laws which had been given to Noah, including marriage laws
Council of Jerusalem
The argument over whether or not Jesus was truly divine
Generally considered to be the father of western monasticism
They had an established role as leaders in the early Church. Their voulntary celibacy, poverty, and life of service in response to the gospel were precursors to monastic life
He is usually credited with the Christian conversion of much of the Germanic lands
He nailed his ninety-five theses to the door of the cathedral in Wittenberg, Germany and the Protestant reformation was officially underway
Greeks, and later the ROmans, made effort to convice all of the peoples under their rule that the gods of the varying religions were really all the same
Period of history in which there were two wand then three popes at the same time
Great Western Schism
During the barbarian invasions, it became increasingly important as an instrument of stability and authority in a crumbling socitey
The Roman Emperor in the fourth century who ordered soldiers to place the Chi-Rho on their shields
List of those books and writings which were to be considered divinely inspired and authoritative
canon of scripture
T/F: The prejudice and persecution of the Christian Church in the first three centuries strengthened rather than weakened the Christian identity and commitment
T/F: The first wave of new Christians were primarily the wealthy and educated
False - they were primarily poor and less educated
What challenge did Marcion and the Gnostics present to Christianity?
They denied the goodness of the order, claiming to have secret knowledge from Jesus
In response to Marcion and the Gnostics, the Church developed the basic outline of the ____ and insisted upon the necessity of ____ to safeguard the true teaching of JEsus.
Apostles' Creed; Apostolic succession
Why did infant Baptism become the norm after Christianity was legalized?
Both Baptism became of an understanding of removing original sin and there were so many people going to the church that it would be impractical to have a long conversion process
What was a reaction of many Christians who saw Contantine's acceptance of Christianity as a step backward?
They fled to the desert to get away from the distractions of society and live a life of isolation and deprivation
What was Benedict's monastic rule built around? What did it emphasize?
It was built around prayer and physical labor and emphasized strict discipline without unnecessary harshness
How did Charlegmane use Christianity to defeat his enemies in the eighth and early ninth centuries?
He offered his enemies a chance of dying by the sword and baptism
What was the first crusade, called in 1095, designed to do?
To unite Christians and retake the holy land from Muslim control
The ____ responded to the challenges of the reformers by formalizing the Catholic position on all of these issues: Essential nature of the ____ and ____; intimate connection between scripture and the ____; the acceptance of God's grace in ____ is the first step towrad salvation; It is possible for those who are united with Christ to keep the ____; veneration of ____ and the saints was important part of Christian ____; standardization of ____.
Council of Trent; Hierarchy; Ordained ministry; magestirium; baptism commandments; Mary; Piety; Catholic worship
The second Vatican Council used the language of the "____" to talk about the Church
People of God
Vatican II talked about the role of all the members of the Church: ____, ____, and ____.
laity; religious; clergy
The council proclaimed the ____ of all people to make their own ____.
right; religious choices
T/F: In the past several decades, the Church has increasingly questioned whether or not a "just war" is possible in the age of modern warfare.
T/F: Since the late fourteenth century, the Church has increasingly turned its attention to issues of social justices