Development of the Concerto

Created by ztbell 

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1600-1650

Gabrieli and Monteverdi using instruments in their works

Gabrieli

"Sonata pian e forte"

Monteverdi

"L'Orfeo"

1660

Three types of concertos developed to show off instrumental music

Baroque

Concerto Grosso

Baroque

Ripieno Concerto

Baroque

Solo Concerto

Baroque Concerti

General Characteristics
1. Three movements of alternating tempi (fast-slow-fast)
2. 1st and 3rd movements - tonic key+ritornello structure
3. 2nd movement is short, show, through-composed and in a related key

Vivaldi

Most prolific composer of concerti in the Baroque period

Concerto Grosso

Small group of soloists (concertino) opposes large group (orchestra) - Baroque Period

Concertino (Baroque)

Two melodic instruments + Continuo

Orchestra (Baroque)

String Orchestra + Continuo

Trio Sonata

Genre that contributed to the development of the Concerto Grosso

Corelli

One of the earliest composers of the concerto grosso. Influenced Vivaldi and Bach

Ripieno Concerto

Compositions for the large orchestra + Continuo (ripieno)

Ripieno Concerto

Characteristics
1. Four movements with alternating tempi
2. Imitation between the instrument sections
3. last movements are binary and dance-like

Solo Concerto

Compositions written for solo instrument (usually violin) + orchestra

Torelli

The first composer of the solo concerto

Classical

Solo Concerto the only surviving concerto from the Baroque period

1770

Piano Concerto was developed

J.C. Bach

Early composer of the piano concerto (Classical)

C.P.E. Bach

Later composer of the piano concerto (Classical)

Classical Piano Concerto

Three movements:
1st movement - ritornello form which developed into the Sonata Concerto Form
2nd movement - through-composed or rounded binary, or ternary form
3rd movement - dance-like rondo forms

Mozart

Wrote the most well-renowned piano concertos of the Classical Period.

Mozart

The first to have large orchestral accompaniment to solo concerto

Beethoven

Wrote piano concerti during the Classical Period that extended the virtuosity of the pianist

Romantic Period

Concertos were quite conservative (post-Beethoven)

Mendelssohn

Initiated a formal type for the first movement: the opening ritornello and first solo section merge into one unrepeated exposition; presentation of themes is introduced by the orchestra and soloist

Mendelssohn

Connects all three movements of the violin concerto (Romantic period)

Brahms

Puts a scherzo after the first movement (Romantic Period)

Liszt

Uses five movements and connects them thematically (Romantic Period)

Romantic Period

Extraordinary virtuosity present during this period

20th Century

Uses the same 19th century concept of the concerto, but with the new modes and conventions

Shoenberg

Concerto composer of the 20th century

Sibelius

Concerto composer of the 20th century

Neilson

Concerto composer of the 20th century

Prokofiev

Concerto composer of the 20th century

Elgar

Concerto composer of the 20th century

Bartok

Concerto composer of the 20th century

20th Century

Ripieno Concerto makes a return

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