_______ believed in two worlds: a real world that is ideal and eternal, and an illusory world of imperfection that we perceive through our senses.
_______ believed that all living forms could be arranged on a scale or ladder of increasing complexity, later called the scala naturae. (each for my life had its allotted rung on this ladder, and every rung was taken.)
a philosophy dedicated to discovering the Creators' plan by studying nature.
_______ saw the adaptations of organisms as evidence that the Creator had designed each and every species for a particular purpose.
_______ was a swedish physician and botanist, who sought to discover order in the diversity of life "for the greater glory of God." He was also the founder of taxonomy.
the branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying the diverse forms of life. A two-part binomial system of naming organisms according to genus and species.
_______ are relics or impressions of organisms from the past, mineralized in rock.
_______ are formed from the sand and mud that settle to the bottom of seas, lakes, and marshes.
_______ is the study of fossils.
_______ developed paleontology, realized that the history of life is recorded in strata containing fossils, he documented the succession of fossil species in the Paris Basin.
George Curvier advocated _______, speculating that each boundary between strata corresponded in time to a catastrophe, such as a flood or drought, that had destroyed many of the species living there at that time.
_______ believed that is was possible to explain the various land forms by looking at the mechanisms currently operating in the world.
James Hutton believed in _______, which holds that profound change is the cumulative product of a slow but continuous process.
_______ adopted what was called the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Descent with Modification
_______ a phrase that condensed Darwin's view of life. Darwin perceived unity in life, with all organisms related through descent from some unknown prototype that lived in the remote past.
_______ is the breeding of domesticated plants and animals.
_______ is similarity in characteristics resulting from a common ancestry.
_______ are anatomical signs of evolution.
_______ are structures of marginal, if any, importance to the organism. (historical remnants of structures that had important functions in ancestors.)
_______ is the development of an individual organism.
_______ is a replay of the evolutionary history of species.