Cognitive Learning Theory
An approach to the study of learning that focuses on the thought processes that underlie learning.
Learning in which a new behavior is acquired but is not demonstrated until some incentive is provided for displaying it. (learning without being reinforced)
Tolman's demonstration that had steady amount of errors
Tolman's demonstration that had lower number of errors
Tolman's demonstration that had immediate reduction of errors after receiving reward.
Bandura's thoery of observational learning
Learning by observing the behavior of another person, or model
the study where children watch adults hitting the doll and then the children hit the doll
Modeling and video-game playing
Media Violence is likely to increase viewers aggressive behvior by providing numerous agressive models.
Characteristic ways of approaching material, based on their cultural background and unique pattern of abilities.
Relational Learning Style
Master material best through exposure to a full unit or phenomenon
Analytical learning style
- do best when they can carry out an initial analysis of the principles and components underlying a phenomenon or situation
Suppose that you are dropped off at a large mall without money and merely wander around casually looking at the stores and displays. Later, someone asks you where a particular store is located in the mall. The fact that you can direct the person to the store indicates that _____ has occurred.
A widely accepted explanation for latent learning is that an animal or person builds a _____ while exploring his or her surroundings.
actual learning may not be apparent in observable behavior. This is the core concept of blank .
Jennifer watched her mother making chocolate chip cookies but never helped to bake cookies herself. When she moved to her own apartment, Jennifer found that she actually was able to make the recipe without difficulty. Jennifer demonstrated which type of learning?
Parents are rightfully concerned about the people in their community who serve as leaders for scout troops, school clubs, or church youth groups because adult leaders serve as _____. Their behavior may be imitated by the children they lead.
People do not always demonstrate the behaviors that they observe. According to Albert Bandura, a social cognitive psychologist, what is the key to demonstrating observed behaviors?
According to which theory does learning occur through a process of watching others perform behaviors for which they are reinforced?
Tolman's rats were able to run a maze with few errors after reinforcement was introduced. He hypothesized that the previously unrewarded rats had developed _____ related to spatial structure of the maze.
breaking it down into parts
People with analytical learning style are able to acquire new information by
see the aggressor get punished
Children are less likely to model aggressive behaviors viewed on TV or in movies if they:
Suppose that you at a large, new mall and merely wander around casually looking at the stores and displays. Later, someone asks you where a particular store is located in the mall. The fact that you can direct the person to the store indicates that _____ has occurred