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vocab. for the first unit

abhor

loathe; detest

abridged

condensed; shortened

apprehensive

fearful; uneasy

boisterous

clamorous; noisy

chide

harass; scold

deplore

lament; grieve

desolate

barren; abandon

dissemble

misleading; disguise

effusive

overflowing; gushing

eminent

prominent; noteworthy

frugal

thrifty; unwasting

malice

spitefulness; malevolence

manifest

apparent; evident

piety

allegiance; reverence

posterity

descendants; lineage

prodigal

wasteful; lavish

prodigious

extraordinary; immeasurable

quell

suppress; extinguish

ratify

confirm; verify

satiate

satisfy; surfeit

slothful

indolent; lazy

temperance

self-restraint; abstinence

tumultuous

disorderly; distraught

covenant

agreement; commitment

providence

foresight; prudence

seraph

angel; guardian

abyss

chasm; pit

adherent

supporter; follower

alacrity

promptness; enthusiasm

amiable

agreeable; lovable

anachronism

undated; misplacement

ascetic

self-denying; austere

assiduous

diligent; laborious

audacity

boldness; recklessness

august

impressive; majestic

austere

stern; inflexible

aversion

dislike; opposition

beguile

mislead; delude

beseech

beg; plead

cogitate

think; ponder

conciliatory

reconciling; soothing

dearth

scarcity; shortage

debauchery

corruption; indulgence

decorum

propriety; etiquette

derision

ridicules; jokes

disconcerted

confused; upset

dissimulate

pretend; feign

duplicity

double-meaning; hypocrisy

egress

exit; departure

emaciated

thin; wasted

ennui

boredom; dissatisfaction

exemplary

outstanding; commendable

exhort

urge; encourage

gaudy

flashy; showy

gaunt

lean; haggard

harangue

speech; lecture

ignominious

shameful; dishonored

incessant

uninterrupted; unceasing

infamous

disgraceful; despicable

malleable

impressionable; manageable

misanthrope

cynic; recluse

obsequious

servile; sycophantic

ominous

threatening; haunting

pallid

pale; wan

precedent

antecedent; model

profuse

excessive; lavish

progenitor

ancestor; predecessor

propinquity

nearness; kinship

refrain

resist; chorus

somnambulist

sleepwalker;

soporific

sleep-causing; hypnotic

torrent

flood; rush

transitory

impermanent; fleeting

tremulous

trembling; wavering

vehement

enthusiastic; ardent

vicissitudes

change; alteration

vindicate

justify; support

vivacious

animated; lively

voluptuous

attractive; sensuous

wanton

unrestrained; malicious

urchin

brat; juvenile

termagant

unlawful; tumultuous

shrew

vixen; hellion

notorious

infamous; scandalous

monotonous

boring; recurrent

mien

appearance; demeanor

loathsome

hateful; abominable

fiend

barbarian; savage

emphatic

determined; earnest

abate

subside; decrease

abject

wretched; dejected

anathema

abomination; curse

assail

assault; abuse

capricious

unpredictable; fickle

complicit

involved; participatory

corpulent

fat; obese

dexterity

skill; finesse

disdain

hate; contempt

dissipation

dissolution; recreation

docile

obedient; easygoing

emancipate

free; liberate

fervent

ardent; hot

impunity

exemption; liberty

insurrection

rebellion; uprising

intimate

hint; affectionate

languor

lassitude; depression

licentious

amoral; unrestrained

loquacious

talkative; verbose

ostracize

ban; exclude

paltry

insignificant; trifling

panegyric

praise; salutation

plaintive

mournful; melancholy

prostrate

prone; reclining

retort

reply; response

servile

slavish; cringing

slovenly

untidy; careless

superfluous

unnecessary; excessive

surmise

suspect; imagine

tenacious

adamant; obstinate

tenet

doctrine; dogma

widower

matron; widow

untoward

annoying; disastrous

tableau

illustration; representation

punctilious

meticulous; persnickety

procure

acquire; obtain

pervade

penetrate; extend

grizzled

gray; silvery

grave

gloomy; ponderous

expostulate

argue; protest

despotic

oppressive; dictatorial

commence

initiate; originate

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