Beach-World History chapter 10

43 terms by dhoj 

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sultan

ruler of a small state in India

sultanate

kingdom in India

Tamerlane

Mongol warrier from Russia; destroyed Delhi killing thousands (both Hindu and Muslim)

Babur

first in a line of Mogul/Mongol rulers-established Mogul dynasty

Akbar

one of greatest Mogul rulers; grandson of Babar; emperor @ 13 yrs old; expanded empire; set up civil service; taxed fairly & spent wisely; tolerant of other religions-sympathetic to Christians

civil service

employees trained in gov't administration

Shah Jahan

Akbar's grandson; built Taj Mahal; Mogul empire reached its highest point; forced from throne by his son

Taj Mahal

beautiful building constructed by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife

Aurangzeb

forced his father (Shah Jahan) from the throne; strict Muslim who was NOT tolerant of other religions (especially Hindus); empire fell apart

Code of Manu

book in Sanskrit that was a guide to the proper behavior of each caste

suttee

wife was expected to die in her husband's funeral fire

Vedic Age

from 1500-1000BC; named after prayers and holy songs of Hinduism; women in India had more freedoms than in later time periods;

polygamy

practice of having more than one wife

polyandry

practice of having more than one husband

purdah

wearing of heavy veils by women

untouchables

lowest level of people; "dirtiest" jobs

Brahmins

priestly/highest caste; had many privileges; only people who could read and write; rich and powerful

caste system

strict rules about food, dress, social behaviors that was a part of everyday Indian life

factors that influenced every day life in India

family (#1); the caste system; the village

job/career of most Indians

farming (and trade)

math discoveries of ancient India

arabic numerals, Pythagorean theorem, decimals and rotation of the earth

scientific discoveries of India

chemistry and technology: steel, soap making, dyeing of cloth, tanning leather, blowing glass, cement; medicine: circulation of blood in the human body

major religions that began in ancient India

Hinduism and Buddism

Vedas

religious songs and poems memorized by priests and passed down

epic

long poem that descibes the deeds of a hero

Indian epics

Mahabharata-ancient heroes/gods; Ramayana-adventure stories/virtues; Panchatantra-fables

fable

short tale that tries to teach a lesson

archipelego

long chain of islands

monsoons

heavy seasonal rains of a tropical climate

Burma

country closest to India in which people migrated to SE Asia; first to accept Buddhism

Thailand

once called Siam; settled by people from northern China; kept independence when Europeans colonized others

The King and I

book written by an Englishwoman who taught King Monghut's children

Indochina

Laos, Vietnam, Kampuchea

Indonesia and Malaysia

islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and parts of Borneo; Hindu important early religion-Islam later became major religion

Philippines

settled later by people from mainland China; Islam was always major religion

Mahmud of Ghazni

Muslims leader who invaded India, became sultan and terrorized the people

Delhi

capital city of India, set up by Muslim invaders

Duties of Indian women

prepare food, take care of children, run household

duties of Indian men

work in fields or trade

duties of children

work in fields with adults; pray for parents

rulers/warriors

underneath Brahmins in the caste system

merchants/herders

underneath rulers/warriors in the caste system

servants

underneath merchants/herders in the caste system

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