Chapter 8

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chol/e

bile, gall

col/o

large intestine

-phagia

swallowing

enter/o

small intestine

gastr/o

stomach

hepat/o

liver

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

esophag/o

esophagus

-lithiasis

presence of stones

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

proct/o

anus and rectum

-pepsia

digestion

-emesis

vomiting

rect/o

rectum

anoscopy

visual exam of anal canal and lower rectum

stomatyomycosis

any disease of the mouth due to a fungus

ileum

last and longest part of small intestine

glucose

liver removes excess ______ from the bloodstream

bile

the liver secretes _______, which is stored in the gallbladder for later use

ascending colon

travels upward from the cecum to the under surface of the liver

anabolism

process of building up body cells and substances from nutrients

tongue

receptors of taste are located on the dorsum of the _______

periodontium

bone & soft tissues that surround and support the teeth

intussusception

condition characterizzed by telescoping of one part of the intesting into another

cecum

connects small and large intestine

sigmoid colon

S-shaped structure of large intestine

rectum

widest division of the large intestine

jejunum

middle portion of small intestine

duodenum

first portion of small intestine

hematemesis

vomiting blood

botulism

food poisoning, often fatal

enteritis

inflammation of small intestine

uvula

hangs from the free edge of the soft palate

gastrectomy

removal of all or part of the stomach

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

Amebic Dysentery

The infectious intestinal disease known as is caused by the one celled parasite entamoeba histolytica

cirrhosis

degeneration of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue

bilirubin

pigment produced by destruction of hemoglobin in the liver

aerophagia

Excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking

regurgitation

Return of swallowed food to the mouth

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin caused by greater than
normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood

feces

medical term for the solid body waste that are expelled through the rectum

cholangitis

acute infection of the bile duct

cholangiography

radiographic exam of bile ducts

choledocholithotomy

Incision of the common bile duct for the extraction of an impacted gallstone

gastroparesis

partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine

Ascites

collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

edentulous

without natural teeth

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

colostomy

Artificial excretory opening between colon and body surface

pyrosis

heartburn

melena

Presence of digested blood in the stool

diverculitis

Inflammation of one or more diverticula

herpes labialis

cold sores

hemoccult test

detects hidden blood in stools

Anastomosis

Surgical Connection between two hollow or tubular structures

dental calculus

Hardened deposit that forms on the teeth and irritate
the surrounding tissues

proctoplasty

surgical repair of rectum

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