Government Review for Exam #3- Chapters 8, 9, & 10

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Accidental mobilization occurs when

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New media can level the electoral playing field for third-party candidates by

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The term suffrage refers to

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The Fifteenth Amendment, passed in 1870, mandated that

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What was the main cause for dropping the legal voting age to eighteen?

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The Constitution was amended to allow women to vote during all public elections in

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Non electoral forms of participation usually require more ______ than voting.

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The socioeconomic status model explains one's political participation by examining an individual's

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Election Day registration is opposed in some states because some believe that

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What was the original purpose of voter registration?

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It is likely that eliminating state-level voter registration laws will

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Know the important parts of the movement to expand civil rights for African Americans?

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What is the voter turnout for the African American community

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What is one reason that political parties and politicians view Latinos as a critically important group?

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What bloc of voters has recently been called "the sleeping giant"?

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Which of the following statements about Asian Americans is true?

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Over the past decade, polls have revealed that Asian American voters are moving

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On average, more women vote for ______ candidates, and more men vote for ______ candidates.

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What has been one of the most pressing questions concerning socioeconomic status?

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Women are disadvantaged as candidates for office because

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Which of the following groups have had the highest levels of political participation?

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Know the key factors in indicating one's level of participation.

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Discuss youth participation in the 2008 presidential election.

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The strongest critique of the socioeconomic status model's explanation of political participation is that

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Evangelical Protestants are more likely to be associated with

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A political party is?

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The establishment of the Republican Party is a good example of?

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Internal mobilization occurs when

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Which of the following parties originated from internal mobilization?

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The United States began its tradition of the ______ during the early eighteenth century.

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The first party system was characterized by conflict between the ______ and the ______.

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From the end of the Civil War to the 1890s, the ______ Party was the party of the North, while the ______ Party was the party of the South.

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The New Deal coalition was severely strained and ultimately broken apart by

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"Me too" Republicanism refers to

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Which of the following best indicated the downfall of the New Deal coalition?

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When Richard Nixon employed his "southern strategy," he

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Which event occurred in 1994?

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Historically, realignments occur

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A "safe district" is

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The average winning margin in House elections is

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As a third-party candidate, Ross Perot captured approximately ______ percent of the popular vote in the 1992 presidential election.

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What is accomplished at a party's national convention?

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A______ is a closed meeting of a political group's members who gather to determine strategy and select candidates.

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______ are nonprofit independent groups that receive and distribute funds to influence the nomination, election, and defeat of a candidate.

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Know the tasks a party's national committee performs?

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During the nineteenth century, party machines depended heavily on ______ in order to reward loyal party supporters.

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Party activists are ______ to contribute time, energy, and effort to party affairs and ______ to hold more extreme

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Women in the United States are ______ the ______ Party.

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Between the Civil War and the 1960s, the ______ was a Democratic stronghold.

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When are national elections held in the United States?

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The primary responsibility for conducting public elections rests with

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A runoff election is likely to occur when

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If the winner of an election is whoever receives the most votes, regardless of the percentage of votes received, the candidates are running under a ______ system.

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______ is the most common electoral system used in general elections in the United States.

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Plurality and majority systems tend to

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Before the 1890s, who was responsible for printing election ballots?

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The principle of "one person, one vote" was established by the Supreme Court in the

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The practice of ______ means that district boundaries have been purposefully drawn to unfairly advantage one group

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The ______ is the last example of indirect voting in national elections.

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When states vie for influence by holding their nominating processes earlier, it is called

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At a party convention, when an entire state delegation votes for the single candidate supported by the majority of its delegates, it is called the

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An example of direct democracy in practice in the United States?

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Which party has reserved slots at the national convention for elected superdelegates?

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What political officers are subject to recall elections?

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What is the first step in running for president?

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The effort by political candidates and their staff to win backing and support by voters in the quest for political office is known as a(n)

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Who is the incumbent?

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Campaign consultants do all of the following except

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Karl Rove was the ______ for George W. Bush.

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In contemporary politics, local election campaigns tend to be ______, while statewide elections tend to be ______.

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When candidates for office sponsor hearings, undertake inspection tours of disaster areas, or meet with foreign dignitaries, the form of publicity they receive is called

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Why did many members of Congress vote to ban advocacy groups from running ads that mention a candidate's name within thirty days of a primary election and sixty days of a general election?

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A major factor in John Kennedy's 1960 presidential victory over Richard Nixon was

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The "Americanization of politics" refers to

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By using donor lists or magazine subscription lists, candidates are able to engage in

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Partisan loyalty is likely to be highest in the election of

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Political scientists call voters' choices that focus on future behavior ______, while those based on past performances are called ______.

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Politicians attempt to "balance the ticket" with members of many important groups because

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Private groups that raise and distribute funds for election campaigns are called

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True/False

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Rioting has been a recent and rare form of political activity in the United States.

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Voting is the only form of political participation open to most Americans.

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Poll taxes and literacy tests were used by southern states to prevent African Americans from voting.

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Participation in elections has decreased significantly since 2000.

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Election Day registration was outlawed after passage of the 1993 National Voter Registration Act.

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Voter registration was instituted to make it harder to vote.

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Latino voters have traditionally voted Democratic.

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Women are more likely than men to vote for Republicans.

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Young people are more likely to participate in politics than older people.

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Education is not a good predictor of who participates in politics.

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America's first national parties were the result of internal mobilization

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A distinguishing feature of the contemporary party system is party polarization.

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Each major party's national committee is responsible for nominating its party's candidates for all federal offices.

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Donations made directly to political parties for voter registration and party organization are called soft money.

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Women are more likely than men to vote for the Democratic Party.

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Strong political parties decrease voter turnout.

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At the national level, the Democratic Party seeks to unite organized labor, the poor, members of racial minorities, and upper-middle-class professionals.

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The introduction of primary elections was meant to weaken the power of party leaders.

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Most national elections in the United States use a system of proportional representation.

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The electoral college cannot elect any candidate who has not also won the popular vote.

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Incumbents usually have an easier time successfully campaigning for office than nonincumbents.

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In 1996, direct-mail campaigns were declared a violation of federal privacy laws by the Supreme Court.

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A voter's partisan loyalty is at its highest in presidential races

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PACs can make larger campaign contributions than individuals are legally allowed to make.

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