Year, Who, What?
-Sampson, Raudenbush, & Earls
-The ability of community members to trust and formally assist one another.
The concept of Collective Efficacy emerged as...
- the OPPOSITE of social disorganization.
Collective Efficacy is meant to signify an emphasis on... (2)
1. Shared beliefs in a neighborhood's capability for action to achieve an intended effect.
2. An active sense of engagement on the part of residents.
When problems arise in a community with high levels of collective efficacy...
- It's members have to actively rise up & make changes to maintain public order.
What did Sampson et al. examine?
- Whether collective efficacy was related to lower levels of crime.
What did Sampson et al. conclude?
- That collective efficacy mediates the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and measures of crime.