Art History Packet 5 Vocabulary

45 terms by Prasi1

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Altarpiece

a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar

Ambulatory

covered walkway, especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a church

Apse

a recess, usually semicircular at the east end of the church

Carpet pages

decorated pages that resemble textiles

Catacomb

underground cemetary

Cathedral

a bishop's church

Choir

the space reserved for the clergy and singers in the church, usually east of the transcept but in some instances extending into the nave

Cloisonne

a process of enameling employing cloisons; also, decorative brickwork in later Byzantine architecture

Cloison

a cell made of metal wire or narrow metal strip soldered edge-up to a metal base to hold enamel or other decorative materials

Codex

separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side; the predecessor of the modern book

Diptych

a two-paneled painting or altarpiece, a hinged writing tablet, often on ivory and carved on the external sides

Eucharist

in Christianity, the partaking of the bread and wine, which believer hold to be wither Christ himself or symbolic of him

Folio

a page of a manuscript or book

Gospels

the four New Testament books that relate the life and teachings of Jesus

Icon

a portrait of image, a panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration

Iconoclasm

the destruction of images, the destroyer of images known as iconoclasts, those who were opposed to such a ban were known as iconophiles/iconodules

Iconostasis

In Byzantine churches, a screen or a partition, with doors and many tiers of icons, separating the sanctuary from the main body of the church

Illuminated Manuscript

a luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations

Historiated

ornatmented with representations such as plants, animals, or human figures that have a narrative as distinct from a purely decorative function

Lunette

a semicircular area in a wall or over a door, niche, or window; also, painting or relief with semicircular fram

Magi

the three wise men from the East who presented gifts to the infant Jesus

Mandorla

an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding the figure of Christ and other sacred figures

Martyr

a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion

Mass

the Catholic/Orthodox ritual in which believers understand that Christ's redeeming sacrifice on the cross is repeated when the preist consecrated the bread and wine in the Eucharist

Messiah

the savor of the Jews who prophesized in the Old Testament Chrisitians believe that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah

Nave

The central area of a church

Narthex

a porch or vestiubule of a church, generally preceding the nave

Nimbus

a halo or aureole appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity

Pantocrater

Christ as a ruler and judge of heaven and earth

Papacy

office and jursidiction of a church

Parchment

lambskin prepared as a surface for painting/writing

Paten

a large bowl to hold the bread used in the Eucharist

Pendentive

a concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which proved the transition from a squared area to the circular base of a covering dome, although pendentive appear to be hanging from the dome, they are in fact supporting it

Pieta

a painted or sculpted representation of the virgin mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ

Pope

Head of the Catholic church

portico

roofed colonnade, also an entrance porch

refectory

dining hall of a christian monastery

relics

body part, clothing, objects associated with a holy figure, such as Buddha or Christ or a Christian ssaint

Rotulus

the manuscript scroll

Squinch

an architectural device used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome, it may be composed of lintels, corbels, or arches

Theotokos

a title of the virgin mary as the of the incarnate (human form) of the Son of God

Transept

a part of a church with an axis that crosses teh nave at a right angle

Triptych

a three paneled painting or altarpiece

Vellum

calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting

Zoomorphic

highly stylized reperesentation of animal forms

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